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E07547: Greek inscription naming an oratory of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036). Found at Kapraklar near ancient Hyllarima (Caria, western Asia Minor). Probably 5th or 6th c.

online resource
posted on 2019-05-02, 00:00 authored by pnowakowski
τοῦ ἁγίου
ἀπ(οστόλου) Πέτρου

'Oratory of the holy Apostle Peter.'

Text: I. Nordkarien 503.


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Peter, the Apostle : S00036

Saint Name in Source


Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)


  • Greek

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Asia Minor Asia Minor

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Hyllarima Kapraklar

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Hyllarima Nicomedia Νικομήδεια Nikomēdeia Izmit Πραίνετος Prainetos Nicomedia Kapraklar Nicomedia Νικομήδεια Nikomēdeia Izmit Πραίνετος Prainetos Nicomedia

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - independent (church)

Cult activities - Places Named after Saint

  • Church


On a stone block. H. 0.42 m; W. 0.635 m; Th. 0.38 m. Letter height 0.03-0.035 m. There is no published detailed description. First recorded in 1999 by Ender Varinlioğlu and Pierre Debord. First published by them in 2018. The same year it was re-edited by Wolfgang Blümel.


Dating: Solely based on the shape of letters, Varinlioğlu and Debord tentatively dated the inscription to the 4th c. In his edition, Blümel is sceptical, but eventually retains the date as a hypothesis. We would like to point out that a rural oratory dedicated to the Apostle Peter is rather unlikely at such an early date. A date in the fifth or sixth centuries is a much safer supposition. For the cult of Peter in Caria, see E00720, E00825, E00843. Debord and Varinlioğlu suggested that the cult of Peter developed in Christian communities deriving from Jewish background, as a result of them being skeptical of the liberal teaching of the Apostle Paul. There is, however, no direct evidence to support this supposition.


Edition: Blümel, W., Inschriften aus Nordkarien (IK 71, Bonn: Rudolf Habelt, 2018), no. 503. Debord, P., Varinlioğlu, E. (eds.), Hyllarima de Carie. État de la question (Bordeaux: Ausonius éditions, 2018), 75, no. 48.

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    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity