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E07468: Very fragmentary painted Latin and Greek inscriptions, allegedly referring to the see of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036), and to *Papias (martyr of Rome, S02057). Found in the Coemeterium Maius / Catacombe di Sant'Emerenziana on the via Nomentana, Rome. Probably late 4th - early 5th c. [provisional entry]

online resource
posted on 2019-03-23, 00:00 authored by pnowakowski
Inscription A:

ob amor[- - -]
IS san.[- - -]


The text was restored by Armellini as follows: [XV kal.] febras ob amor[em sed]is san[cti Petri qua primum] Romae se[dit]/'[On the 15th day before the Calends] of February, through love of the see of Saint [Peter, which (?)] he first held in Rome'. Ferrua is rightly sceptical about the accuracy of this restoration.

Inscription B:

(monogramm: Θεόδωρος) πρ(εσβύτερος)

'Theodore the presbyter'

The inscription is probably later than the other two, and dated to the 5th c. by de Rossi.

Inscription C:

[---]ia [---]

This is taken by Ferrua as the name of the martyr Papias and associated with $E06038.

Text: ICVR, n.s., VIII, no. 21593 = EDB35779, EDB16898, EDB35780.


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Peter, the Apostle : S00036 Papias and Maurus, soldiers and martyrs of Rome : S02057

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Graffiti


  • Greek

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Rome and region

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Suburban catacombs and cemeteries

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Suburban catacombs and cemeteries Rome Rome Roma Ῥώμη Rhōmē

Cult activities - Places

Burial site of a saint - cemetery/catacomb

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs


Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - lesser clergy


Inscription A: on a wall in cubiculum G, to the left of the entrance. Inscription B: on a large marble plaque ('mensa marmorea') closing an arcosolium tomb in cubiculum G. Inscription C: on a fragment of plaster (H. 7 cm. W. 7 cm). Letters painted black, letter height 2.5-3 cm. When recorded by Ferrua, the fragment was kept in cubiculum G, but was said to have been found at the staircase B, under a wall-painting showing martyrs.


Edition: Epigraphic Database Bari, no. EDB35779. see Epigraphic Database Bari, no. EDB16898. see Epigraphic Database Bari, no. EDB35780. see De Rossi, G.B., Ferrua, A. (eds.) Inscriptiones Christianae Urbis Romae Septimo Saeculo Antiquiores, n.s., vol. 8: Coemeteria viarum Nomentanae et Salariae (Vatican: Pont. Institutum Archaeologiae Christianae, 1983), no. 21594 (with further bibliography).

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    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity