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E07043: Coptic fragment of an Encomion on *Viktor (presumably son of Romanos, S00749), attributed to John Chrysostom, from the White Monastery (Upper Egypt), relating the miracle of the death and resurrection of a boy killed after his parents refuse to donate him to the saint's shrine as they had promised, a miracle resulting in the self-donation of the entire family as servants at the shrine of the saint; written most likely during the 6th century.

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posted on 2018-11-02, 00:00 authored by gschenke
Pushkin Museum Moscow, page 17, col. 2, line 1–page 18, col. 1, line 15:

ⲛⲧⲉⲣⲉ ⲡⲙⲏⲏϣⲉ ⲇⲉ ⲧⲏⲣϥ ⲛⲁⲩ ⲉⲧⲉϣⲡⲏⲣⲉ ⲛⲧⲁⲥϣⲱⲡⲉ · ⲁⲩⲡⲱⲧ ⲉϫⲙ ⲡϣⲏⲣⲉ ϣⲏⲙ ⲉⲩⲁϣⲕⲁⲕ ⲉⲃⲟⲗ · ϫⲉ ⲟⲩⲁ ⲡⲉ
ⲡⲛⲟⲩⲧⲉ ⲙⲡϩⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ ⲃⲓⲕⲧⲱⲣ :–
ⲙⲛⲛⲥⲱⲥ ⲁⲩⲃⲱⲕ ⲉϩⲣⲁ ⲉⲡⲏ · ⲁⲩⲉⲛⲉ ⲛⲛⲉⲩ[ⲭⲣ]ⲏⲙⲁ ⲧ[ⲏⲣⲟⲩ] ⲙⲛ [ⲧⲉⲩⲙⲛ]ⲧⲣⲙ[ⲙⲁⲟ ⲧⲏⲣⲥ] ⲁⲩⲧ[ⲁⲁⲩ ⲉϩⲟⲩ]ⲛ ⲉⲡⲧⲟⲡⲟⲥ ⲙⲡϩⲁⲅⲟⲥ ⲃⲓⲕⲧⲱⲣ · ⲁⲩⲱ ⲛⲧⲟϥ ⲙⲛ ⲧⲉϥⲥϩⲙⲉ · ⲙⲛ ⲡⲉϥϣⲏⲣⲉ · ⲁⲩϭⲱ ⲛϩⲟⲩⲛ ⲉⲡⲧⲟⲡⲟⲥ ϣⲁ ⲡⲉϩⲟⲟⲩ ⲙⲡⲉⲩⲙⲟⲩ :–
ⲁⲩⲱ ⲡϣⲏⲣⲉ ϣⲏⲙ · ⲁϥϣⲱⲡⲉ ⲛⲟⲩⲣⲱⲙⲉ ⲛⲥⲱⲧⲡ ⲙⲡⲁⲣⲑⲉⲛⲟⲥ ⲙⲡⲉϥⲟⲩⲟⲉⲓϣ ⲧⲏⲣϥ · ⲙⲛⲛⲥⲱⲥ ⲁϥⲙⲁⲧⲉ ⲛⲧⲧⲁⲝⲓⲥ
ⲛⲧⲙⲛⲧⲡⲣⲉⲥⲃⲩⲧⲉⲣⲟⲥ :–
ⲁⲩⲱ ⲥⲉϫⲱ ⲙⲙⲟⲥ ⲉⲧⲃⲏⲏⲧϥ ϫⲉ ⲁϥⲛⲁⲩ ⲉⲡϩⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ ⲃⲓⲕⲧⲱⲣ ⲛϩⲟ · ϩ ϩⲟ ⲛ[ⲟ]ⲩⲙⲏⲏϣ[ⲉ ⲛⲥ]ⲟⲡ :–

‘After the whole crowd saw the miracle, which had occurred, they rushed to the young boy, crying out: “One is the God of saint Viktor!”
Afterwards, they (the boy’s parents) went home. They brought [all] their possessions and [all their riches] and [donated them] to the shrine of saint Viktor. He (the father of the boy) and his wife and his son remained in the shrine until the day of their death.
And the young boy was a chosen man, a virgin for his entire lifetime. Later he obtained the rank of presbytership. He is said to have seen saint Viktor face to face many times.’

(Text and translation: A. I. Elanskaya, modified)


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Viktor, son of Romanos, martyr of Egypt, and companion martyrs : S00749

Saint Name in Source


Type of Evidence

Late antique original manuscripts - Parchment codex Literary - Hagiographical - Collections of miracles



Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Panopolis Arsinoites (Fayum)

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Panopolis Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis Arsinoites (Fayum) Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - unspecified

Cult activities - Places Named after Saint

  • Church

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Bequests, donations, gifts and offerings

Cult Activities - Miracles

Miracle after death Punishing miracle Power over life and death

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Women Children Officials


Two parchment leaves of the Pushkin Museum in Moscow, I.1.b.656+714 (5681, Copt. 18/1 and 18/2), belong to the same codex as fragments in the National Library in Paris and Berlin. The manuscript contained two different encomia on Viktor, one attributed to Theodore of Jerusalem, the other to John Chrysostom. According to the colophon, the manuscript was produced in Touton in the Fayum on behalf of the White Monastery. The date of the manuscript production is given as the year 656 of the Diocletian era, i.e. AD 939/940. For a quick overview of the known manuscripts see A. I. Elanskaya, The Literary Coptic Manuscripts in the A. S. Pushkin State Fine Arts Museum in Moscow (Leiden, 1994), 75–76.


Text and translation: Elanskaya, A.I., The Literary Coptic Manuscripts in the A. S. Pushkin State Fine Arts Museum in Moscow (Leiden, 1994), 75–84.

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