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E06818: Fragment of a Coptic Encomion on *Pjoore (martyr of Panopolis, S02599), listing also feast days, for *Apa Elias (bishop of Psoi/Ptolemais, S02598), and for *Arsenios and Loukios (ascetics of Syrian origin, and martyrs near Panopolis, S02600); datable to the 7th/8th century.

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posted on 2018-10-10, 00:00 authored by gschenke
P.Lond.Copt. I 337 = BM 337

In lines 6–7 the saint whose name means ‘the strong’ is invoked as follows:

ⲱ ⲡϫⲱⲱⲣⲉ ⲛⲁⲙⲉ ⲕⲁⲧⲁ ⲡⲉϥⲣⲁⲛ ⲉϣⲁⲣⲉ ⲡⲣⲱⲙⲉ ⲧⲙⲁⲉⲓⲟ ⲁⲛ ⲙⲙⲁⲧⲉ ϩⲙ ⲡⲣⲁⲛ ⲁⲗⲗⲁ ϩⲙ ⲛⲉⲡⲣⲁⲝⲓⲥ ⲡⲉⲧⲉⲙⲡⲟⲩⲣⲡⲉϥⲙⲉⲉⲩⲉ
ⲉⲧⲁϩⲙⲉϥ ⲉⲡⲇⲓⲡⲛⲟⲛ ⲁⲩϩⲉ ⲉⲣⲟϥ ⲉϥⲟ ⲛϣⲟⲣⲡ ϩⲛ ⲧⲉⲑⲟⲩⲥⲓⲁ

‘Pjoore true to his name! The man thus exceedingly justified by name as well as by actions. The one who was forgotten to be invited to the meal, he was found to be the first through sacrifice.’

Then follow the two dates, one written in the margins, before the encomion begins, but breaks off soon after:

ⲁⲡⲁ ϩⲏⲗⲓⲁⲥ ⲡⲉⲡⲓⲥⲕⲟⲡⲟⲥ ⲛⲧⲡⲟⲗⲓⲥ ⲯⲟⲓ   ⲭⲟⲓ(ⲁ)ⲭ ⲓⲉ

‘Apa Elias, the bishop of the city Psoi: Choiak 15 [11/12 December]’

ⲟⲙⲁⲓⲟⲥ ⲉϫⲛ ⲛϩⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ ⲛⲥⲩⲣⲟⲥ ⲗⲟⲩⲅⲓⲟⲥ (ⲕⲁⲓ) ⲁⲣⲥⲉⲛⲓⲟⲥ   ⲭⲟⲓ(ⲁ)ⲭ ⲓϛ

‘Likewise for the Syrian saints Loukios and Arsenios: Choiak 16 [12/13 December]’

(Text W. E. Crum; trans. G. Schenke)


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Elias, Apa Elias, bishop of the city Psoi/Ptolemais (Upper Egypt) : S02598 Pjoore, martyr from Panopolis (Upper Egypt) : S02599 Arsenios and Loukios, ascetics and martyrs near Panopolis (Upper Egypt), of Syrian origin : S02600

Saint Name in Source

ⲁⲡⲁ ϩⲏⲗⲓⲁⲥ ⲡϫⲱⲱⲣⲉ ⲗⲟⲩⲅⲓⲟⲥ (ⲕⲁⲓ) ⲁⲣⲥⲉⲛⲓⲟⲥ

Type of Evidence

Late antique original manuscripts - Parchment codex Literary - Hagiographical - Other saint-related texts


  • Coptic

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Panopolis Psoi/Ptolemais

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Panopolis Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis Psoi/Ptolemais Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Festivals

  • Saint’s feast

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs



The parchment manuscript BM Or. 3581B(45) is kept in the British Museum in London and has been dated on palaeographical grounds.


Arsenios and Loukios appear as a pair of martyrs in E06902. For the same pair and date, see E05971: 'Arsenios (and) Loukios: Day 16 of [Choiak] [12/13 December]''. The two saints are mentioned in the typika of the White Monastery and the Arabic Synaxarion as Arsenios and Eulogios under the date 16 Choiak (12/13 December). They are said to have been ascetics near Panopolis, both of Syrian origin, who suffered martyrdom together.


Text and comments: Crum, W.E., Catalogue of the Coptic Manuscripts in the British Museum (P.Lond.Copt. I) (London, 1905), 154–155. O'Leary, De L., Saints of Egypt (London: SPCK, 1937), 134. Papaconstantinou, A., Le culte des saints en Égypte des Byzantins aux Abbassides (Paris: CNRS, 2001), 59.

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    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity



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