University of Oxford

File(s) not publicly available

E06544: The Latin Gelasian Sacramentary (or Liber Sacramentorum Romanae Ecclesiae), probably compiled around 750 near Paris using earlier material from Rome, records prayers to saints on their feast days in May.

online resource
posted on 2018-09-19, 00:00 authored by Bryan
Gelasian Sacramentary 2.16-19

Below are the entries from the Sacramentary that relate to the feasts of saints; other entries, to feasts of the Christian year that were not for saints, are not included in our database.

Kalend. Madias in natali Philippi et Iacobi Apostolorum.
'1 May on the feast of the apostles Philip and James.'
[*Philip, the Apostle, S00109; *James, the Apostle, son of Alphaeus, S01801]
Four prayers listed

V Nonas Madias in natali sancti Iuvenalis.
'3 May on the feast of saint Iuvenalis.'
[*Iuvenalis, bishop and martyr or confessor of Narni (central Italy), S00815]
Three prayers listed

V Nonas Madias de inventione sanctae crucis.
'3 May on the discovery of the holy cross.'
Three prayers listed

IV Id. Madias in natali sanctorum Nerei et Achillei fratrum et sancti Pancrati.
'12 May on the feast of the brothers, saints Nereus and Achilleus, and of saint Pancratius.'
[*Nereus and Achilleus, eunuchs and martyrs of Rome, S00403; *Pancratius, martyr of Rome, S00307]
Three prayers listed

Edition: Wilson 1894. Translation: P. Polcar.


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Philip, the Apostle : S00109 Nereus and Achilleus, eunuchs and martyrs of Rome, and companions : S00403 Pancratius, martyr of Rome : S00307 Juvenalis, bishop and martyr or confessor at Narni (Italy), ob. after 366 : S00815 James, the Apostle, son

Saint Name in Source

Philippus Nereus et Achilleus Pancratius Iuvenalis Iacobus

Type of Evidence

Liturgical texts - Sacramentaries


  • Latin

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Gaul and Frankish kingdoms Rome and region

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Paris Rome

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Paris Tours Tours Toronica urbs Prisciniacensim vicus Pressigny Turonorum civitas Ceratensis vicus Céré Rome Rome Rome Roma Ῥώμη Rhōmē

Major author/Major anonymous work

Sacramentarium Gelasianum

Cult activities - Liturgical Activity

  • Service for the Saint

Cult activities - Festivals

  • Saint’s feast


The 'Gelasian Sacramentary' (Sacramentarium Gelasianum) is a compilation of liturgical texts, mostly prayers, for use in church celebrations such as the Eucharist, the administration of sacraments, or other liturgical events. It is the second oldest extant liturgical book in the West, the oldest being the 'Verona Sacramentary' (Sacramentarium Veronense). It has been preserved in one manuscript, now divided into two parts: the Codex Vaticanus Reginensis Latinus 316, and the Codex Latinus 7193 of the Bibliotèque Nationale in Paris. The Gelasian Sacramentary is preserved in a Frankish version, copied in c. 750; it must have been used in contemporary Francia (for nobody would copy liturgy if they did not intend to put it to use). The core of the Sacramentary is, however, undoubtedly of Roman origin for use in the area of Rome, as is evident from the inclusion of so many saints from the city and from the regions around it (some of them not particularly well known). The composition of these core texts can be dated between 628 and 715 (Vogel 1986, 69). This substratum is also a mixture of various sources. At some point before the pontificate of Gregory II (715-731), this early version of the sacramentary was brought to Gaul, where prayers were added for certain celebrations, such as for the consecration of virgins, the dedication of churches, and the blessing of holy water.


Edition: Wilson, H.A., Liber Sacramentorum Romanae Ecclesiae, (Oxford, 1894). Further Reading: Vogel, C., Medieval Liturgy: An Introduction to the Sources, (Washington, 1986), 61-76.

Usage metrics

    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity



    Ref. manager