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E06439: A letter of Pope Gregory the Great (Register 14.6) of 603, to Marinianus, bishop of Ravenna, asks him to investigate a dispute within a monastery dedicated to *Laurence (deacon and martyr of Rome, S01229) and *Zeno (bishop of Verona, ob. 371, S01558) in the fortress of Cesena (northern Italy). Written in Latin in Rome.

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posted on 2018-09-11, 00:00 authored by frances
Pope Gregory the Great, Register of Letters 14.6

Extract from a letter dealing with this dispute:

Fortunatus itaque lator praesentium in monasterio sanctorum Laurentii atque Zenonis, quod in Caesinati castro est constitutum, a Natale quondam episcopo officium sibi abbatis asserens esse commissum, nunc se a successore eius Concordio nulla exsistente culpa exinde remotum atque alium in loco suo queritur ordinatum.

‘Even so, Fortunatus, the bearer of this letter, asserts that the office of abbot was bestowed on him by the late Bishop Natalis, in the monastery of Saints Laurence and Zeno, established in the castle of Cesena, and now he complains that he has been removed from that office by Natalus’ successor, Concordius, not due to any fault, and another monk has been ordained in his place.’

Text: Norberg 1982, vol. 2, 1073. Translation: Martyn 2004, vol. 3, 872.


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Laurence/Laurentius, deacon and martyr of Rome : S00037 Zeno, bishop of Verona, ob. 371 : S01558

Saint Name in Source

Laurentius Zeno

Type of Evidence

Literary - Letters


  • Latin

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Rome and region

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Rome Rome Rome Roma Ῥώμη Rhōmē

Major author/Major anonymous work

Gregory the Great (pope)

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - monastic


A letter transmitted as part of Gregory the Great’s Register of Letters. This letter collection, organised into fourteen books, is large and contains letters to a variety of recipients, including prominent aristocrats, members of the clergy and royalty. The issues touched on in the letters are equally varied, ranging from theological considerations to mundane administrative matters. This collection of letters, which was possibly curated by Gregory, was originally much larger. The surviving Register comprises several groups of letters which were extracted at several later moments in history, the largest of which took place in the papacy of Hadrian I (772-795).


Edition: Norberg, D., S. Gregorii Magni, Registrum epistularum. 2 vols. (Corpus Christianorum Series Latina 140-140A; Turnhout: Brepols, 1982). English translation: Martyn, J.R.C., The Letters of Gregory the Great, 3 vols. (Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 2004). Further Reading: Neil, B., and Dal Santo, M. (eds.), A Companion to Gregory the Great (Leiden: Brill, 2013).

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    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity



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