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E06334: A letter of Pope Gregory the Great (Register 2.27) of 592, to Mauricius and Vitalianus, military commanders, refers to the help *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) will provide against the Lombards, around the time of his feast. Written in Latin in Rome.

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posted on 2018-09-11, 00:00 authored by frances
Pope Gregory the Great, Register of Letteers 2.27

Gregory writes that Ariulf, Lombard duke of Spoleto, is threatening Rome, and encourages Mauricius and Vitalianus to attack him in the rear:

Sed et gloria uestra, si huc perexierit ipsa hostis, quomodo consueuistis, cum auxilio dei a dorso eius quod potestis perficite. Speramus enim in omnipotentis dei uirtutem et in ipsius beati Petri principis apostolorum, in cuius natale sanguina effundi desiderant, quia ipsum sibi contrarium sine mora inuenient.

‘But your Glory also, if the enemy himself should come out in this direction, achieve what you can in his rear, with God’s help, as has been your custom. For our hopes are in the strength of almighty God and in that of Saint Peter himself, the prince of apostles, on whose feast day [29 June] they long to shed blood; because they will without delay discover that Saint Peter himself is their adversary.’

Text: Norberg 1982, vol. 1, 113-14. Translation: Martyn 2004, vol. 1, 209-10.


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Peter the Apostle : S00036

Saint Name in Source


Type of Evidence

Literary - Letters


  • Latin

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Rome and region

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Rome Rome Rome Roma Ῥώμη Rhōmē

Major author/Major anonymous work

Gregory the Great (pope)

Cult activities - Festivals

  • Saint’s feast

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Saint as patron - of a community

Cult Activities - Miracles

Miracle after death Miraculous interventions in war

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Soldiers Ecclesiastics - bishops


A letter transmitted as part of Gregory the Great’s Register of Letters. This letter collection, organised into fourteen books, is large and contains letters to a variety of recipients, including prominent aristocrats, members of the clergy and royalty. The issues touched on in the letters are equally varied, ranging from theological considerations to mundane administrative matters. This collection of letters, which was possibly curated by Gregory, was originally much larger. The surviving Register comprises several groups of letters which were extracted at several later moments in history, the largest of which took place in the papacy of Hadrian I (772-795).


Edition: Norberg, D., S. Gregorii Magni, Registrum epistularum. 2 vols. (Corpus Christianorum Series Latina 140-140A; Turnhout: Brepols, 1982). English translation: Martyn, J.R.C., The Letters of Gregory the Great, 3 vols. (Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 2004). Further Reading: Neil, B., and Dal Santo, M. (eds.), A Companion to Gregory the Great (Leiden: Brill, 2013).

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    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity



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