University of Oxford

File(s) not publicly available

E06141: A substantially authentic Merovingian royal diploma records the foundation and endowment of an oratory within the walls of Le Mans (north-west Gaul) dedicated to *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397, S00050), by the priest Eoladius and nun Baudomalla, confirmed by Theudebert II, king of the Franks. Written in Latin, probably at Chatou or Châtenay (northern Gaul), 596.

online resource
posted on 2018-08-19, 00:00 authored by bsavill
MGH, DD Mer. 25 (excerpt)

Theodebertus rex Francorum vir[is] a inlust[ribus]. Si petitionibus ancillarum Dei vel sacerdotibus, in quo nostris auribus fuerint prolata, ad effectum perducimus, hoc nobis ad aeterna salute vel stabilitate regni nostri in Dei nomen pertinere confidimus. Igitur vir inluster Eoladius presbiter et Baudomalla Deo devota directa petitione clementiae regni nostri detulerunt in notitia, eo quod ante hos dies in area ipsorum infra murania Cenomannis oratorio in honore sancti Martini contruxerunt [...] Datum die octo facit mens[is] Iuni[us], anno VII regni nostri, Captiniaco, in Christo nomine feliciter .

'Theudebert, king of the Franks, to his noble men. If we bring into effect the petitions of the handmaidens of God or priests which come to our ears, we are sure that these pertain to our eternal salvation and to the stability of our kingdom, in God's name. Therefore, the illustrious man Eoladius, priest, and Baudomalla, devoted to God, brought to the notice of our clemency a petition, concerning an oratory they had built in previous days, on a plot within the walls of Le Mans, in honour of Saint Martin ... Given on the eighth day of the month of June, in the 7th year of our reign, at Captiniacum (?Chatou/?Châtenay), happily in Christ's name.'

Text: Kölzer 2001, 68-70. Translation: B. Savill.


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Martin, ascetic and bishop of Tours, ob. 397 : S00050

Saint Name in Source


Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - Donation document Documentary texts - Charter or diploma


  • Latin

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Gaul and Frankish kingdoms Gaul and Frankish kingdoms

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Chatou Châtenay

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Chatou Tours Tours Toronica urbs Prisciniacensim vicus Pressigny Turonorum civitas Ceratensis vicus Céré Châtenay Tours Tours Toronica urbs Prisciniacensim vicus Pressigny Turonorum civitas Ceratensis vicus Céré

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Construction of cult buildings

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Women Ecclesiastics - lesser clergy Ecclesiastics - monks/nuns/hermits Monarchs and their family Aristocrats


According to the judgement of their most recent editor, 54 authentic or substantially authentic royal diplomas/charters survive from Merovingian Gaul which are dated or datable to the period up to ad 700. Of these, 34 appear to relate directly to the cult of saints, and are included in our database. All but one, possibly two (E06133, E06141), of the charters included here date from the 7th century, mostly its final quarter. Although a number of these diplomas have come down to us only in later cartulary copies, a remarkably large proportion (21 of our 34) survive as single-sheet, original manuscripts, the great majority of which come from the monastery of Saint-Denis. Due to the nature of western archival survivals, all these documents concern either land, legal immunities, or rights to tolls, and are preserved exclusively through interested religious institutions. For a hint, however, of the kind of Merovingian documents we may have lost, the scribal templates found in the Formulary of Marculf are suggestive (see e.g. E06231, E06233). This Le Mans diploma survives in copies from the 12th and 15th centuries.


The priest/founder Eoladius appears to be the same 'Abbot Eoladius' who would later appear in Bishop Bertram of Le Mans' will of 616 (E06095).


Edition: Kölzer, T., Die Urkunden der Merowinger, 2 vols. (Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Diplomata; Hannover, 2001). Further reading: Brühl, C., Studien zu den merowingischen Königsurkunden, ed. T. Kölzer (Cologne, 2001). Kölzer, T., Merowingerstudien, 2 vols (Hannover, 1998-1999).

Usage metrics

    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity



    Ref. manager