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E05998: Coptic ostracon from Deir el-Bahari (Upper Egypt) with a work contract to produce 24 garments, the scribe of the contract is a monk of the monastery of Apa *Phoibammon (soldier and martyr of Assiut, S00080); datable to the beginning of the 7th century.

online resource
posted on 2018-07-18, 00:00 authored by gschenke
O.Crum ad. 44

In this contract a man named Ezekias agrees to produce 24 garments.
The reverse of the ostracon reads as follows:

+ ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲇⲁⲩ[ⲉⲓⲇ] ⲡⲙⲟⲛⲟⲭⲟⲥ ⲛⲁⲡⲁ ⲫⲟⲓⲃⲁⲙⲱⲛ ⲁⲉⲍⲉⲕⲓⲁⲥ ⲁⲓⲧⲉⲓ ⲙⲙ[ⲟⲓ] ⲁⲓⲥϩⲁⲓ ⲛⲧⲁϭⲓϫ ϩ[ⲛ] ⲥⲟⲩ ⲓϛ ⲙⲙⲉⲥⲟⲩⲣⲉ ⲛⲧⲓ[ⲣⲟⲙ]ⲡⲉ
ⲙⲡⲉⲙⲧⲏⲥ ⲓⲛⲇ(ⲓⲕⲧⲓⲟⲛⲟⲥ) ⲁⲩⲱ ϯⲟ ⲙⲙ[ⲛ]ⲧⲣⲉ

'I, David, the monk of Apa Phoibammon, Ezekias has asked me and I have written with my own hand on day 16 of (the month) Mesore, in this year of the fifth indiction. I also act as a witness.'

(Text: W. E. Crum; trans.: G. Schenke)


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Phoibammon, soldier and martyr of Assiut : S00080

Saint Name in Source

ⲁⲡⲁ ⲫⲟⲓⲃⲁⲙⲱⲛ

Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - Other private document Late antique original manuscripts - Ostracon/Pot-sherd


  • Coptic

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Deir el-Bahari

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Deir el-Bahari Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - monastic

Cult activities - Places Named after Saint

  • Monastery


The ostracon belongs to the Institute for Egyptology at Strasbourg, inv. 675.


Text and translation: Crum, W.E., Coptic Ostraca from the Collections of the Egypt Exploration Fund (London, 1902), pp. 33 and 97. = O.Crum German translation: Till, W.C., Die Koptischen Rechtsurkunden aus Theben (Vienna, 1964), 72.

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    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity