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E05991: Coptic ostracon from Deir el-Bahari (Upper Egypt) with a list of saints or rather institutions dedicated to saints, such as *Mary (presumably Mary, mother of Christ, S00033), Apa *Michael (presumably the Archangel, S00181), and Apa Biktor (possibly Viktor, son of Romanos, S00749), possibly also one to *Mena (presumably Menas, soldier and martyr celebrated at Abu Mena); datable to the 7th century.

online resource
posted on 2018-07-18, 00:00 authored by gschenke
O.Crum 470:

This fragmentary document seems to offer a list of churches or monasteries, some dedicated to known saints, but the purpose of the list is lost.

ⲑⲁⲅⲓⲁ ⲙ[ⲁⲣⲓⲁ
ⲁⲡⲁ ⲙⲓⲭ[ⲁⲏⲗ
ⲡⲓⲱⲉ ⟨ⲛ⟩ⲃⲣⲣⲉ
ⲧⲉⲙⲁⲙⲏ or ⲡⲙⲁ ⟨ⲛ⟩ⲙⲏ[ⲛⲁ?
ⲁⲡⲁ ⲃⲓⲕⲧ[ⲱⲣ

'Saint Mary
Apa Michael
The new washing (basin?)
Temame (? or the place/shrine of Menas?)
Apa Biktor'

(Text: W. E. Crum; trans.: G. Schenke)


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Mary, Mother of Christ : S00033 Michael, the Archangel : S00181 Viktor, son of Romanos, martyr in Egypt : S00749 Menas, soldier and martyr celebrated at Abu Mena : S00073

Saint Name in Source

ⲑⲁⲅⲓⲁ ⲙ[ⲁⲣⲓⲁ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲙⲓⲭ[ⲁⲏⲗ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲃⲓⲕⲧ[ⲱⲣ ⲧⲉⲙⲁⲙⲏ or ⲡⲙⲁ ⟨ⲛ⟩ⲙⲏ[ⲛⲁ?

Type of Evidence

Late antique original manuscripts - Ostracon/Pot-sherd Documentary texts - List


  • Coptic

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Deir el-Bahari

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Deir el-Bahari Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - unspecified

Cult activities - Places Named after Saint

  • Monastery


This ostracon is kept at the British Museum in London, inv. 33112.


Text and translation: Crum, W.E., Coptic Ostraca from the Collections of the Egypt Exploration Fund (London, 1902), pp. 44 and 77. = O.Crum

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    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity