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E05983: Coptic ostracon from Deir el-Bahari (Upper Egypt) with a contract and surety, mentioning an institution dedicated to Apa *Petros (possibly the Apostle, S00036) at Pataubasten; datable to the 7th century.

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posted on 2018-07-18, 00:00 authored by gschenke
O.Crum 301

In this fragmentary document a monastery of Apa Petros seems to be mentioned. The scribe of the document for the men offering this surety, is Theodoros, the presbyter of the church or monastery of Apa Petros at Pataubasten, who also acts as a guarantor and a witness.

Line 5 reads as follows:

. . . . ⲏⲣⲓⲟ. ⲛⲁⲡⲁ ⲡⲉⲧⲣ[ⲟⲥ

'monasterion?/eukterion? of Apa Petros.'

Lines 12–15 read as follows:

[ⲁⲛⲟⲕ] ⲑⲉⲟⲇⲱⲣⲟⲥ ⲡⲣⲉⲥⲃ(ⲩⲧⲉⲣⲟⲥ) ⲛⲁⲡⲁ ⲡⲉⲧⲣⲟⲥ ϩⲛ ⲡⲁⲧⲁⲩⲃⲁⲥ(ⲧⲛ?) ⲁⲩⲉⲓⲧⲓ ⲙⲙⲱⲓ ⲁⲓⲥϩⲁⲓ ϩⲁⲣⲟⲟⲩ

'[I], Theodoros, presbyter of Apa Petros at Pataubasten, they have asked me and I have written for them.'

(Text: W. E. Crum; trans.: G. Schenke)


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Peter the Apostle : S00036

Saint Name in Source

ⲁⲡⲁ ⲡⲉⲧⲣⲟⲥ

Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - Other private document Late antique original manuscripts - Ostracon/Pot-sherd


  • Coptic

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Deir el-Bahari

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Deir el-Bahari Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - unspecified

Cult activities - Places Named after Saint

  • Monastery


This ostracon is kept at the British Museum in London, inv. 33011.


Text and translation: Crum, W.E., Coptic Ostraca from the Collections of the Egypt Exploration Fund (London, 1902), p. 33 and 54. = O.Crum German translation: Till, W.C., Die Koptischen Rechtsurkunden aus Theben (Vienna, 1964), 60.

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    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity