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E05980: Coptic ostracon from Deir el-Bahari (Upper Egypt) with a work contract, mentioning the monastery of Apa *Phoibammon (soldier and martyr of Assiut, S00080); datable around the year 600.

online resource
posted on 2018-07-18, 00:00 authored by gschenke
O.Crum 220

This contract is written by Elias, son of Solomon and directed to the monks of the tops of Apa Phoibammon. He agrees to work with their camels, to share the income generated through that work, and not to cheat on the amount.

Lines 2–4 read as follow:

ⲛⲛⲉⲥⲛ[ⲏⲩ] ⲙⲡⲧⲟⲡⲟⲥ ⲉⲧⲟⲩⲁⲁⲃ ⲛⲁⲡⲁ [ⲫⲟⲓⲃⲁ]ⲙⲱⲛ

'… to the brothers of the holy topos of Apa Phoibammon'

(Text: W. E. Crum; trans.: G. Schenke)


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Phoibammon, soldier and martyr of Assiut : S00080

Saint Name in Source

ⲁⲡⲁ [ⲫⲟⲓⲃⲁ]ⲙⲱⲛ

Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - Other private document Late antique original manuscripts - Ostracon/Pot-sherd


  • Coptic

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Deir el-Bahari

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Deir el-Bahari Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - monastic

Cult activities - Places Named after Saint

  • Monastery


This ostracon is kept at the British Museum in London, inv. 32839.


Text and translation: Crum, W.E., Coptic Ostraca from the Collections of the Egypt Exploration Fund (London, 1902), p. 30 and 41. = O.Crum German translation: Till, W.C., Die Koptischen Rechtsurkunden aus Theben (Vienna, 1964), 57–58.

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    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity