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E05979: Coptic ostracon from Deir el-Bahari (Upper Egypt) with a work contract, mentioning the monastery of *Phoibammon (soldier and martyr of Assiut, S00080); datable to the 7th century.

online resource
posted on 2018-07-18, 00:00 authored by gschenke
O.Crum 219

This fragmentary contract was written by Abraham, son of David from Jeme and directed to the topos of saint Apa Phoibammon, represented by its abbot Apa Biktor, concerning working with a camel provided by the topos and to offer 3/5 of the income from that work to the topos, Abraham will keep 2/5 of the income and takes full care of the camel.

Lines 1–2 of the reverse read as follow:

ⲙⲡⲧⲟⲡⲟⲥ ⲉⲧⲟⲩⲁⲁⲃ [ⲛⲁⲡⲁ] ⲫⲓⲃⲁⲙⲙⲱⲛ

'… for the holy topos [of Apa] Phoibammon'

(Text: W. E. Crum; trans.: G. Schenke)


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Phoibammon, soldier and martyr of Assiut : S00080

Saint Name in Source


Type of Evidence

Late antique original manuscripts - Ostracon/Pot-sherd Documentary texts - Other private document


  • Coptic

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Deir el-Bahari

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Deir el-Bahari Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - monastic

Cult activities - Places Named after Saint

  • Monastery


This ostracon is kept at the British Museum in London, inv. 32802.


Text and translation: Crum, W.E., Coptic Ostraca from the Collections of the Egypt Exploration Fund (London, 1902), pp. 32 and 40. = O.Crum German translation: Till, W.C., Die Koptischen Rechtsurkunden aus Theben (Vienna, 1964), 57.

Usage metrics

    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity