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E05728: John Malalas in his Chronographia reports that the usurper Leontius was crowned at a church of *Peter (the Apostle, S00036) in Tarsus (south-east Asia Minor) in 484. Written in Greek at Antioch (Syria) or Constantinople, in the mid-6th c.

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posted on 2018-06-14, 00:00 authored by erizos
John Malalas, Chronographia, 15.13

(……) καὶ κατῆλθεν ὁ πατρίκιος Ἰλλοῦς, λαβὼν μεθ’ ἑαυτοῦ τὸν πατρίκιον Λεόντιον καὶ τοὺς ἄλλους συγκλητικούς· καὶ κατῆλθεν ἐν Ἀντιοχείᾳ τῇ μεγάλῃ, ποιήσας βʹ ἐνιαυτούς, καὶ κτίσας πλεῖστα, χαρισάμενος αὐτοῖς πολλὰ ἐξῆλθεν ἐπὶ τὴν Ἰσαυρίαν· καὶ καταγαγὼν τὴν δέσποιναν Βηρίναν ἀπὸ τοῦ καστελλίου ἐποίησεν αὐτὴν στέψαι βασιλέα εἰς τὸν ἅγιον Πέτρον ἔξω τῆς πόλεως Ταρσοῦ τῆς Κιλικίας τὸν πατρίκιον Λεόντιον, πείσας αὐτὸν στεφθῆναι, ὄντα ἄνδρα ἐλεύθερον. καὶ ἐποίησεν ἡ αὐτὴ Βηρίνα θείας κελεύσεις κατὰ πόλιν καὶ σάκρας πρὸς τοὺς ἄρχοντας καὶ πρὸς τοὺς στρατιώτας ὥστε δέξασθαι αὐτὸν καὶ μὴ ἐναντιωθῆναί τινα, γράψασα δὲ σάκραν ἔχουσαν πολλὰ κακὰ περὶ Ζήνωνος. καὶ ἐβασίλευσεν ἐν Ἀντιοχείᾳ ὀλίγας ἡμέρας.

‘(…) So the patrician Illus departed, taking with him the patrician Leontius and the other senators. He arrived in Antioch the Great and stayed there for two years, funding several buildings and showing great generously to the locals, before departing for Isauria. He brought the lady Verina from the fortress, and made her crown as emperor the patrician Leontius in Saint Peter's outside the city of Tarsos in Cilicia, having persuaded him to accept the crown, since he was a freeborn man. Verina issued imperial decrees to the cities and sacrae to the governors and soldiers, commanding them to recognise Leontius without resistance. She wrote a sacra containing plenty of slander about Zeno. Leontius ruled in Antioch for a few days.’

Text: Thurn 2000. Translation: E. Rizos.


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Peter the Apostle : S00036

Saint Name in Source


Type of Evidence

Literary - Other narrative texts (including Histories)


  • Greek

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Syria with Phoenicia Constantinople and region

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Antioch on the Orontes Constantinople

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Antioch on the Orontes Thabbora Thabbora Constantinople Constantinople Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoupolis Constantinopolis Constantinople Istanbul

Major author/Major anonymous work

John Malalas

Cult activities - Liturgical Activity

  • Other liturgical acts and ceremonies

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - independent (church)

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Monarchs and their family


The Chronographia of John Malalas (c. 490–c. 570) is a Christian chronicle of universal history, from Adam to the death of Justinian I (565). It appears to have been composed in two parts, the earlier of which focuses on the history of Antioch and the East, ending in c. 528 or 532. The second part focuses on the urban history of Constantinople up to the death of Justinian. Malalas is likely to have pursued a career in the imperial administration at both Antioch and Constantinople, writing the two parts of his chronicle while living in these two cities. Malalas was widely used as a source by Byzantine chroniclers and historians, including John of Ephesus, John of Antioch, Evagrius Scholasticus, the Paschal Chronicle, John of Nikiu, John of Damascus, Theophanes, George the Monk, pseudo-Symeon, Kedrenos, Zonaras, Theodore Skoutariotes, and Nikephoros Kallistou Xanthopoulos. The text of the chronicle is preserved in a very fragmentary form, based on quotations in other sources (notably the Paschal Chronicle and Theophanes), and on a Slavonic translation which follows a more extensive version of the original text. It is believed that we now have about 90% of the text. On the composition and manuscript tradition of the text, see Thurn 2000, and:


Text: Dindorf, L., Ioannis Malalae Chronographia (Corpus Scriptorum Historiae Byzantinae; Bonn, 1831). Thurn, J., Ioannis Malalae Chronographia (Corpus Fontium Historiae Byzantinae 35; Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2000). Translation: Jeffreys, E., Jeffreys, M., and Scott, R., The Chronicle of John Malalas: A Translation (Sydney, 1986). On Malalas: Carrara, L., Meier, M., and Radtki-Jansen, C. (eds.), Die Weltchronik des Johannes Malalas. Quellenfragen (Malalas-Studien 2; Göttingen: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2017). Jeffreys, E., Croke, B., and Scott, R. (eds.), Studies in John Malalas (Sydney, 1990). Meier, M., Radtki-Jansen, C., and Schulz, F. (eds.), Die Weltchronik des Johannes Malalas: Autor, Werk, Überlieferung (Malalas-Studien 1; Göttingen: Franz Steiner Verlag, 2016). Treadgold, W.T. The Early Byzantine Historians (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006), 235-256.

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    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity



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