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E05698: Coptic Ostracon from the area of Hermonthis (Upper Egypt) with a letter mentioning the monastery (topos) of Apa *Hatre (Egyptian martyr, S00133); datable to the 8th century.

online resource
posted on 2018-06-12, 00:00 authored by gschenke
O.CrumVC 43

Samuel is writing to bishop John reminding him that he came to the monastery of Apa Hatre where he ordered a custom made garment for himself which he now wants to have sent.

The short passage preserved runs as follows:

+ ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲥⲁⲙⲟⲩⲏⲗ ⲉϥⲥϩⲁⲓ ⲛⲛⲁⲡⲁ ⲉⲱϩⲁⲛⲏⲥ ⲡⲉⲡⲓⲥⲕ(ⲟⲡⲟⲥ) ⲉⲧⲟⲩⲁⲁⲃ ⲁⲩⲱ ⲉⲧⲫⲱⲣⲓ ⲙⲡⲉⲭⲥ ϩ[ⲛ]ⲟⲩⲙⲉ ϫⲉ ⲁⲕⲉⲓ ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ⲉⲡⲧⲟⲡⲟⲥ
ⲛⲛⲁⲡⲁ ϩⲁⲧⲣⲉ ⲁⲕⲧⲁⲙⲟ ϫⲉ ϣⲁⲧⲛⲙ̣[ⲉⲛⲕ] ⲧϩⲃⲟⲥ ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ⲛⲁ ⲧⲉⲛⲟⲩ ⲇⲉ ⲧⲛⲛⲟ[ⲟⲩⲥ]

‘I am Samuel writing to Apa Iohannes, the holy bishop and true bearer of Christ: You have come forth to the monastery (topos) of Apa Hatre. You told me: “(I stay) until we complete the garment for me. But now send [it].”

(Text and translation: W. E. Crum, modified by G. Schenke)


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Hatre, Egyptian martyr with a shrine in the village of Psahrshebbe : S00133

Saint Name in Source

ⲁⲡⲁ ϩⲁⲧⲣⲉ

Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - Letter Late antique original manuscripts - Ostracon/Pot-sherd


  • Coptic

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Hermonthis Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - unspecified

Cult activities - Places Named after Saint

  • Church


The ostracon inv. no 35 belongs to University College London.


Text and translation: Crum, W.E., Varia Coptica (Aberdeen, 1939), 15 (text), 22 (trans.).

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    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity