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E05696: Coptic ostracon from Jeme (Upper Egypt) with a statement drawn up by the presbyter of the church of Apa *Kyriakos (presumably the child martyr of Tarsus, S00007) at Jeme announcing that he and his family are allowed to build behind the 'new church', most likely of the same saint; datable to the 8th century.

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posted on 2018-06-12, 00:00 authored by gschenke
O.CrumVC 22

The presbyter of the church of saint Kyriakos at Jeme informs a man from Jeme that the presbyter as well as any member of his extended family are indeed in a position to build whatever they like in the vicinity of the saint’s new church.

The text is fragmentary, but lines 2–11 run as follows:

[ⲁⲛⲟⲕ personal name] ⲡⲣⲉⲥⲃ(ⲩⲧⲉⲣⲟⲥ) ⲛⲁⲡⲁ ⲕⲩⲣⲓⲕⲟⲥ ϫⲏⲙⲉ ⲉⲓⲥϩⲁⲓ ⲉⲓⲣⲁϣⲉ ϩⲛ ⲟⲩⲧⲱⲧ ⲛϩⲏⲧ ⲉⲓϫ̣ⲓ̣ ⲛⲁⲕ ⲡ̣ⲁⲥⲧⲣⲁⲧⲱⲗⲏ
ⲡⲣⲙϫⲏⲙⲉ ϫⲉ ⲉⲓⲧⲉ ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲉⲓⲧⲉ ϣⲏⲣⲉ ⲧⲏⲓ ⲉⲓ<ⲧⲉ> ⲗⲁⲁⲩ ⲛⲣⲱⲙⲉ ⲉϥϫⲛϩ ⲉϩⲟⲩⲛ ⲉⲣⲟⲓ ⲉⲓⲧⲉ ϩⲁ ⲡⲁⲉⲓⲱⲧ ⲉⲓⲧⲉ ϩⲁ ⲧⲁⲙⲁⲁⲩ
ⲉϣ[ϭⲙ]ϭⲟⲙ ⲛⲕⲱⲧ ⲕⲉⲗⲁⲁⲩ ⲛ[ⲥⲁ ⲧⲉⲕ]ⲕⲗⲏⲥⲓⲁ ⲃⲣⲣⲉ ⲛⲁ[ⲡⲁ ⲕⲩⲣⲓⲕⲟⲥ?

‘… [I, NN], the presbyter of Apa Kyriakos at Jeme, I write happily in agreement, informing you, Pastratole, the inhabitant of Jeme, that I, or my offspring, or anyone related to me, be it from my father’s, or my mother’s side, is able to build something else [behind the] new church of [Apa Kyriakos (?) …] ’

(Text and translation: W. E. Crum, modified by G. Schenke)


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Kyrikos/Cyricus and Ioulitta/Julitta, child and his mother, martyrs of Tarsus : S00007

Saint Name in Source

ⲁⲡⲁ ⲕⲩⲣⲓⲕⲟⲥ

Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - Other private document Late antique original manuscripts - Ostracon/Pot-sherd


  • Coptic

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Jeme Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - unspecified

Cult activities - Places Named after Saint

  • Church


The ostracon, with the inv. no. 499, is kept at the Bodleian Library in Oxford.


The same institution dedicated to Apa Kyri(a)kos at Jeme seems to occur in E04024, E04032, E4033, and E04199.


Text and translation: Crum W.E., Varia Coptica (Aberdeen, 1939), 10 (text), 14 (trans.).

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    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity