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E05569: The Life of Hypatios by Kallinikos mentions that the monks of its hero’s community were sought after to serve as priests at shrines of martyrs founded by rich and important people in the region of Constantinople. Written in Greek at Rufinianae (near Constantinople), 447/450.

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posted on 2018-05-28, 00:00 authored by erizos
Kallinikos of Rufinianae, Life of Hypatios (CPG 6042 = BHG 760), 31.13-14

31. (13) Εἴ τις οὖν τῶν πάνυ πλουσίων καὶ συνετῶν καὶ τὸν Θεὸν ἀγαπώντων ἐβούλετο μαρτύριον οἰκοδομῆσαι εἰς τοὺς πέριξ τόπους, ηὔχετο ὅπως ἐκ τῶν μαθητῶν Ὑπατίου ποιήσῃ κληρικούς, λέγων ὅτι «Ὄντως ἐκεῖνοι ἐσταυρωμένοι.» (14) Καὶ πολλὰ παρεκάλουν αὐτὸν ἵνα παράσχῃ, καὶ ῥᾳδίως οὐ παρεῖχεν αὐτοῖς.

‘Thus whenever one of the rich, virtuous, and God-loving people wished to build a shrine for martyrs in the nearby regions, they hoped to appoint clerics among the disciples of Hypatios, saying that “These are truly crucified men.” And they implored him profusely to provide them with priests, but he did not easily give them.’

Text: Bartelink 1971. Translation: E. Rizos.

History

Evidence ID

E05569

Saint Name

Martyrs, unnamed or name lost : S00060

Type of Evidence

Literary - Hagiographical - Other saint-related texts

Language

  • Greek

Evidence not before

447

Evidence not after

450

Activity not before

390

Activity not after

446

Place of Evidence - Region

Constantinople and region

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Chalcedon

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Chalcedon Constantinople Κωνσταντινούπολις Konstantinoupolis Constantinopolis Constantinople Istanbul

Cult activities - Places

Martyr shrine (martyrion, bet sāhedwātā, etc.)

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Construction of cult buildings

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - monks/nuns/hermits Ecclesiastics - abbots Aristocrats

Source

The Life of Hypatios is the biography of one of the earliest monastic leaders of broader Constantinople, and foundation account of a major monastic centre, that of Rufinianae near Chalcedon (today’s Caddebostan, in Anatolian Istanbul). Our text places its hero in the third place among the founding fathers of Constantinopolitan monasticism, after Isaakios and Dalmatios. The text starts with a preface by an author who addresses a certain Eutychos, and states that he is the editor of a text originally written by a disciple of Hypatios, called Kallinikos. The text is thought to have been written shortly after the death of Hypatios (446), probably between 447 and 450: it mentions the Hunnic invasion of 447, but does not refer to the doctrinal disputes concerning the natures of Christ in 448-451. Kallinikos was reportedly a Syriac speaker, whose spelling mistakes in Greek the editor reports having corrected, without altering the style of his language. The text is preserved in four manuscripts, on which see Bartelink 1971, 41-55.

Discussion

For the context of the passage, see E05567.

Bibliography

Text: Bartelink, G., Callinicos, Vie d'Hypatios (Sources Chretiennes 177; Paris: Cerf, 1971), with French translation and commentary. Other translations: Festugière, A.-J., Les moines d'Orient, vol. 2, Les moines de la région de Constantinople (Paris, 1961), 11–86. Capizzi, C., Vita di Ipazio (Roma, 1982).

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    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

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