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E05496: Leo the Great preaches a Latin sermon in the church of Saint *Anastasia (martyr of Sirmium and Rome, S00602) in Rome in 457.

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posted on 2018-05-21, 00:00 authored by frances
Leo the Great, Sermon 96


This sermon is entitled:

Tractatus Beati Leoni Papae Contra Haeresim Euthichis. Dictus ad populum in basilica Sanctae Anastasiae.

'A tract of the blessed Pope Leo against the heretic Euthyches. Given to the people in the basilica of Saint Anastasia.'

Throughout the rest of the sermon Leo speaks out against the teachings of Euthyches. Anastasia is not mentioned again.

Text: Chavasse 1973. Translation and Summary: Frances Trzeciak.


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Anastasia, martyr in Sirmium (Illyricum, modern Serbia), c. 302-305 : S00602

Saint Name in Source


Type of Evidence

Literary - Sermons/Homilies


  • Latin

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Rome and region

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Forum Boarium

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Forum Boarium Rome Rome Roma Ῥώμη Rhōmē

Major author/Major anonymous work

Leo the Great (pope)

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - independent (church)

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - bishops Crowds


Leo the Great’s sermons were composed and delivered to the congregation in Rome throughout his papacy, between 440 and 461. The vast majority of these sermons were delivered at St Peter’s at the Vatican. The most recent editor of these sermons, A. Chavasse, argues that Leo edited and circulated a collection of 59 sermons, composed between 441 and 445, and that a second group of sermons from the latter part of his papacy were edited and circulated shortly after his death in 460. It is possible that these sermons were intended to provide a model for other bishops or to educate priests and the lower clergy.


Michele Salzman suggests that this church is the one at the Tiber port of the Forum Boarium in Rome. She argues that Leo chose to preach against Euthyches' teachings here on account of the large Greek community at the port, which might have been more receptive to his teachings.


Text: Chavasse, A., Sancti Leonis Magni Romani Pontificis tractaus (Corpus Christianorum Series Latina 138, 138A; Turnhout, 1973). Translation: Freeland, J. and Conway, A., St Leo the Great Sermons (Fathers of the Church 93; Washington D.C., 1996). Further Reading: Demacopoulos, G.E., The Invention of Peter: Apostolic Discourse and Papal Authority in Late Antiquity (Philadelphia, 2013). Salzman, M.R., "Leo’s Liturgical Topography: Contestations for Space in Fifth-Century Rome," Journal of Roman Studies 103 (2013), 208-232. Thacker, A., "Patrons of Rome: The cult of Sts Peter and Paul at court and in the city in the fourth and fifth centuries," Early Medieval Europe 20:4 (2012), 380-406. Wessel, S., Leo the Great and the Spiritual Rebuilding of Rome (Leiden, 2008).

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    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity



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