Saint NameFlavian, Bishop of Constantinople, ob. 449 : S02069
Saint Name in SourceFlavianus
Type of EvidenceLiterary - Letters
Evidence not before451
Evidence not after451
Activity not before451
Activity not after451
Place of Evidence - RegionConstantinople and region
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcConstantinople
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Constantinople
Cult activities - PlacesCult building - independent (church)
Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and NarrativesEcclesiastics - bishops
Monarchs and their family
Cult Activities - RelicsBodily relic - entire body
Transfer, translation and deposition of relics
SourceA letter from the eastern empress, Pulcheria, addressed to Leo the Great and composed in 451. This letter was transmitted as part of Leo the Great's letter collection, as Letter 77.
DiscussionFor several years, Leo was a vociferous opponent of Eutyches – an advocate of the docetist theory that the body of Christ was not made of human flesh. He supported another of Eutyches’ opponents - Flavian, the bishop of Constantinople – who was deposed at the second council of Ephesus in 449. Flavian died shortly afterwards. In 451, the mood changed against Eutyches. Flavian's body was honoured in Constantinople and interred in the Church of the Holy Apostles. Throughout the previous two years, Leo had petitioned the imperial family to organise a synod to overturn the decisions of Ephesus. This synod was held at Chaledon in 451, and is the synod referred to in this letter
Throughout several other letters, for example Letters 79, 82 and 88, Leo refers to Flavian as a bishop of holy memory and frames him as a persecuted and saintly hero. Leo was a strong opponent of Eutyches and supporter of Flavian (see e.g. E05480).
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