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E05442: Coptic funerary inscription from Wadi Sarga (Upper Egypt), with an invocation of *Michael (S00181), *Gabriel (S00192), *Mary (S00033), the *Apostles (S00084), Apa *Anoup (S00774 or S02068), Apa *Thomas (S01695), and Apa *Paese (S02067); datable to the 7th/8th century.

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posted on 2018-05-16, 00:00 authored by gschenke
I.Sarga 29

+ ⲡⲓⲱⲧ ⲙⲛ ⲡϣⲏⲣⲉ ⲙⲛ ⲡⲛⲁ ⲉⲧⲟⲩⲁⲃ ⲡⲉⲛⲓⲱⲧ ⲙⲓⲭⲁⲏⲗ ⲡⲉⲛⲓⲱⲧ ⲅⲁⲃⲣⲓⲏⲗ ⲧⲉⲙⲁⲩ ⲙⲁⲣⲓⲁ ⲛⲉⲛⲓⲟⲧⲉ ⲛϯⲕⲉⲟⲥ ⲛⲉⲛⲓⲟⲧⲉ
ⲛⲁⲡⲟⲥⲧⲁⲗⲟⲥ · ⲛⲉⲛⲓⲱⲧⲉ ⲛⲟϭ ⲣⲱⲙⲉ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲁⲛⲟⲩⲡ ⲛⲟϭ · ⲡⲉⲛⲓⲱⲧ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲑⲱⲙⲁⲥ · ⲙⲛ ⲛⲉϥⲥⲛⲏⲩ · ⲫⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲡⲁⲏⲥⲉ
ⲁⲣⲓ ⲡⲙⲉⲩⲉ …

‘Father, Son and Holy Spirit! Our father Michael, our father Gabriel, Mother Mary! Our righteous fathers, our fathers, Apostles! Our fathers, great men! Apa Anoup, great one, our father Apa Thomas with his brothers! Saint Apa Paese, remember … (details of deceased individual to be protected follow).’

(Text and trans. W. E. Crum, modified)


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Michael, the Archangel : S00181 Gabriel, the Archangel : S00192 Mary, Mother of Christ : S00033 Apostles, unnamed or name lost : S00084 Apollo, Phib, and Anoup : S00774 Thomas, Apa Thomas, patron saint at Wadi Sarga : S01695 Paese, Apa Paese, s

Saint Name in Source

ⲙⲓⲭⲁⲏⲗ ⲅⲁⲃⲣⲓⲏⲗ ⲙⲁⲣⲓⲁ ⲁⲡⲟⲥⲧⲁⲗⲟⲥ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲁⲛⲟⲩⲡ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲑⲱⲙⲁⲥ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲡⲁⲏⲥⲉ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲁⲛⲟⲩⲡ

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Funerary inscriptions


  • Coptic

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Wadi Sarga

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Wadi Sarga Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - unspecified

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs



The inscription was found at Wadi Sarga and is now housed in the British Museum in London.


Text and translation: Bell, H.I. and Crum, W.E., Wadi Sarga: Coptic and Greek Texts from the Excavations Undertaken by the Byzantine Research Account (Copenhagen: Gyldendalske Boghandel-Nordisk Forlag, 1922), 59–60.

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    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity