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E05402: Synaxarion of the Coptic Church preserved in Copto-Arabic manuscripts, offering a complete list of saints' feast days throughout the year; written during the Islamic period.

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posted on 2018-05-06, 00:00 authored by CSLA Admin
The Coptic Synaxarion is extant only in copies from the Islamic period, the oldest of which is dated to the 14th century. Since these later redactions clearly rely on earlier compilations made in Greek and Coptic, of which only fragments are known today (see e.g. E02212), a reference to the Arabic compilations is included here to provide an indication of which saints were officially celebrated after the period of formation of the Cult of Saints in Egypt.

For an introduction to the Copto-Arabic Synaxarion and a complete list of its saints and feast days, see


Evidence ID


Type of Evidence

Liturgical texts - Later liturgical compilations (Synaxaria, menologia, etc.)

Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Liturgical Activity

  • Service for the Saint

Cult activities - Festivals

  • Saint’s feast


Manuscripts from the 14th century onwards.


Atiya, A.S., "The List of Saints," in: Atiya, A.S. (ed.), The Coptic Encyclopedia, vol. 7 (New York, 1991), 2173a–2190a. Coquin, R.-G., "Synaxarion, Copto-Arabic," in: Atiya, A.S. (ed.), The Coptic Encyclopedia, vol. 7 (New York, 1991), 2171b–2173a. O’Leary, De L., The Saints of Egypt (New York, 1937), 36–59.

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