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E05314: Two small fragments of a Latin inscription, probably an epitaph, recording the name of 'saint Clemens' (SXXXX) in the genitive case. Found in the ager Veranus, and probably from the cemetery of Cyriaca ad Sanctum Laurentium, via Tiburtina, Rome. Probably 4th c.

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posted on 12.04.2018, 00:00 authored by pnowakowski
[- - - tituli] s(an)c̅(t)i̅ Cl[em]entis [- - -]

'[- - - of the titulus] of Saint Clemens [- - -]'

Text: ICVR, n.s., VII, no. 19605c and c' = EDB31017.

History

Evidence ID

E05314

Saint Name

Clemens (unspecified) : S01813

Saint Name in Source

Clemens

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Funerary inscriptions Archaeological and architectural - Internal cult fixtures (crypts, ciboria, etc.)

Language

Latin

Evidence not before

350

Evidence not after

400

Activity not before

350

Activity not after

400

Place of Evidence - Region

Rome and region

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Suburban catacombs and cemeteries

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Suburban catacombs and cemeteries Rome Rome Roma Ῥώμη Rhōmē

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - independent (church)

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - lesser clergy

Source

Two non-conjoining fragments of a marble plaque. Broken and lost on all sides. Preserved dimensions: 1) H. 0.31 m, W. 0.20 m, Th. 0.04 m; 2) H. 0.30 m, W. 0.29 m, Th. 0.04 m. Letter height 0.05-0.06 m. The fragments are now in the Vatican Museums, in the Lapidario Cristiano ex Lateranense. Reportedly found in the ager Veranus near the cemetery of Cyriaca ad Sanctum Laurentium, on the via Tiburtina. A transcription appears in the archive of Giovanni Battista de Rossi. A photograph was first published by Orazio Marucchi in 1910. The first proper edition was offered in 1980 by Antonio Ferrua.

Discussion

The two fragments, very plausibly assembled, possibly record a cleric of the titulus-church of Clemens. The church was a 4th c. foundation, located on the Lateran Hill. It was mentioned by, for example, Jerome (EXXXX), who attests its existence in 392, under Pope Siricius, 384-399 (EXXXX). In the 12th c. it was superseded by the present-day basilica of San Clemente. The identity of the eponym of this church is not clear. Based on an inscription found in the church (EXXXX) it has been suggested that his full name was Titus Flavius Clemens, rather implausibly identified with Clement of Alexandria (SXXXX), or a consul condemned to death under Domitian (SXXXX). The basilica is now dedicated to Pope Clement I (S00111). For another inscription recording this titulus-church, found in the same cemetery, see E05329. Dating: The editors of the Epigraphic Database Bari date the inscription to the 4th c.

Bibliography

Edition: Epigraphic Database Bari, nos. EDB31017, see http://www.edb.uniba.it/epigraph/31017 De Rossi, G.B., Ferrua, A. (eds.), Inscriptiones Christianae Urbis Romae Septimo Saeculo Antiquiores, n.s., vol. 7: Coemeteria via Tiburtinae (Vatican: Pont. Institutum Archaeologiae Christianae, 1980), no. 19605c and c'. Marucchi, O., I monumenti del Museo cristiano Pio-Lateranense riprodotti in atlante di xcvi tavole, con testo illustrativo (Milan: Ulrico Hoepli, 1910), Tav. LXVI, no. 8.

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