Saint NameLaurence/Laurentius, deacon and martyr of Rome : S00037
Type of EvidenceInscriptions - Funerary inscriptions
Archaeological and architectural - Internal cult fixtures (crypts, ciboria, etc.)
Evidence not before350
Evidence not after450
Activity not before350
Activity not after450
Place of Evidence - RegionRome and region
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcSuburban catacombs and cemeteries
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Suburban catacombs and cemeteries
Cult activities - PlacesBurial site of a saint - crypt/ crypt with relics
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsBurial ad sanctos
Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and NarrativesOther lay individuals/ people
SourceFragment of a marble plaque. H. 0.35 m; W. 0.19 m; Th. 0.06 m. Letter height 0.03 m.
Found in obscure circumstances in the cemetery of Cyriaca on the via Tiburtina. Now in the storeroom E3. First published by Antonio Ferrua in 1980.
DiscussionThe inscription commemorates a burial near the tomb of a saint. This could be Laurence/Laurentius, deacon and martyr of Rome, venerated in the area where the inscription was found. A similar epitaph was recorded on the surface level of the cemetery. That one mentions a burial in a church, but still in proximity of Laurentius' tomb: in basilica maiore ad domnu Laurentium / 'in the basilica maior near the lord Laurentius' (see E05294).
Dating: Antonella Daniela Agostinelli (in EDB) dates the inscription to the second half of the 4th - first half of the 5th c.
Epigraphic Database Bari, nos. EDB27698, see http://www.edb.uniba.it/epigraph/27698
De Santis, P., Sanctorum Monumenta: "Aree sacre" del suburbio di Roma nella documentazione epigrafica (IV-VII secolo) (Bari: Edipuglia, 2010), no. 85.
De Rossi, G.B., Ferrua, A. (eds.), Inscriptiones Christianae Urbis Romae Septimo Saeculo Antiquiores, n.s., vol. 7: Coemeteria via Tiburtinae (Vatican: Pont. Institutum Archaeologiae Christianae, 1980), no. 18098.