Saint NameApostles, unnamed or name lost : S00084
Type of EvidenceLiterary - Other narrative texts (including Histories)
Evidence not before593
Evidence not after594
Activity not before527
Activity not after565
Place of Evidence - RegionSyria with Phoenicia
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcAntioch on the Orontes
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Antioch on the Orontes
Major author/Major anonymous workEvagrius Scholasticus
Cult activities - PlacesCult building - independent (church)
Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and CustomsRenovation and embellishment of cult buildings
Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and NarrativesEcclesiastics - bishops
Monarchs and their family
SourceEvagrius was born in about 535 in the Syrian city of Epiphania. Educated at Antioch and Constantinople, he pursued a career as a lawyer at Antioch, serving as a legal advisor to Patriarch Gregory (570-592). He wrote the Ecclesiastical History in 593/4, with the express purpose of covering the period following the coverage of the mid 5th century ecclesiastical histories of Socrates, Sozomen, and Theodoret. His narrative starts with Nestorius and the Council of Ephesus (431) and stops with the death of Evagrius’ patron, Gregory of Antioch, in 592. The work offers a balanced mixture of ecclesiastical and secular events in the East Roman Empire, being best informed about Antioch and Syria. Evagrius also published a dossier of original documents from the archive of Patriarch Gregory of Antioch, which has not survived.
DiscussionJustinian’s rebuilding of the Holy Apostles is also mentioned by Procopius in the Buildings (E04332). Evagrius’ phrase οἵ τε βασιλεῖς οἵ τε ἱερωμένοι, most probably means that the shrine received the burials not only of emperors, but also of patriarchs of Constantinople. This is a rare explicit attestation of the use of this shrine for episcopal burials, a practice which may have started in the early 5th century, when the remains of John Chrysostom were brought and deposited in the church (E04017, E04187, E03595, E01312). The medieval descriptions of the Holy Apostles focus on the tombs of the emperors and the collection of relics, which were venerated at the shrine, without mentioning the patriarchal tombs.
BibliographyText and French translation:
Bidez, J., and Parmentier, L., Evagre le Scholastique, Histoire ecclésiastique (Sources Chrétiennes 542, 566; Paris, 2011, 2014), with commentary by L. Angliviel de la Beaumelle, and G. Sabbah, and French translation by A.-J.Festugière, B. Grillet, and G. Sabbah.
Whitby, M., The Ecclesiastical History of Evagrius Scholasticus (Translated Texts for Historians 33; Liverpool, 2000).
Hübner, A., Evagrius Scholasticus, Historia ecclesiastica = Kirchengeschichte (Fontes Christiani 57; Turnhout, 2007).
Carcione, F., Evagrio di Epifania, Storia ecclesiastica (Roma, 1998).
Allen, P., Evagrius Scholasticus, the Church Historian (Spicilegium Sacrum Lovaniense, Etudes et Documents 41; Leuven, 1981).
Treadgold, W., The Early Byzantine Historians (Basingstoke, 2006), 299-308.