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E04683: Latin graffito with an invocation of the holy spirits of unnamed martyrs, probably the souls of popes and martyrs buried in the cemetery of Callistus. Found in the lower part of that cemetery. Via Appia, Rome. Probably late 4th-early 5th c.

online resource
posted on 2018-01-25, 00:00 authored by pnowakowski
rogo asspirit[a]
sancta ma[r]tures
[in mente] abete pro Salutium

1. p]eto a spirita sancta de Rossi, rogo asspirit[a] Ferrua

'I ask you, O holy spirits, martyrs, keep [in mind] Sallustius!'

Text: ICVR, n.s., IV, no. 9533.


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Martyrs, unnamed or name lost : S00060 Saints, unnamed : S00518

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Graffiti Archaeological and architectural - Internal cult fixtures (crypts, ciboria, etc.)


  • Latin

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Rome and region

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Suburban catacombs and cemeteries

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Suburban catacombs and cemeteries Rome Rome Roma Ῥώμη Rhōmē

Cult activities - Places

Burial site of a saint - cemetery/catacomb

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs


Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Other lay individuals/ people


Graffito in cursive script. Letter height 9 cm. Scratched in the plaster, on a wall in Area A4 in the lower part of the cemetery of Callistus. First published by Giovanni Battista de Rossi in 1867. Revisited, and published again by Antonio Ferrua in 1964.


The inscription certainly invokes popes and martyrs, buried in the cemetery of Callistus. Other similar invocations usually address just the 'holy spirits.' Here they are additionally described as 'martyrs.' Dating: Antonio Felle (in EDB) dates the graffito to the late 4th-early 5th c.


Edition: Epigraphic Database Bari, no. EDB17809, see De Rossi, G.B., Ferrua, A. (eds.) Inscriptiones Christianae Urbis Romae Septimo Saeculo Antiquiores, n.s., vol. 4: Coemeteria inter Vias Appiam et Ardeatinam (Vatican: Pont. Institutum Archaeologiae Christianae, 1964), no. 9533. Diehl, E., Inscriptiones Latinae Christianae Veteres, vol. 1 (Berlin: Apud Weidmannos, 1925), comments to no. 2347. de Rossi, G.B., La Roma sotterranea cristiana, vol. 2 (Rome: Cromo-litografia pontificia, 1867), 385, and Tav. XXXI.

Usage metrics

    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity