University of Oxford
Browse

File(s) not publicly available

E04527: Floor-mosaic with a Greek inscription invoking the God of *Theodore (soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita in Pontus, S00480) on behalf of a group of benefactors. Found at Khirbet Deiry/Nes Harim near Jerusalem (Roman province of Palaestina I). Probably early 7th c.

online resource
posted on 2017-12-25, 00:00 authored by pnowakowski
+ Κ(ύρι)ε ὁ θ(εὸ)ς [τοῦ ἁγίου Θ]εωδόρου, διαφύλαξον τοὺς
δούλο[υς σου Ἀντ]ώνι(ο)ν (καὶ) Θεωδοσίαν εἰλλούστριον
(καὶ) ἀν[άπαυσον - - -]Ν Θεωφύλακτον (καὶ) Ἰωάν(νην) πρεσβύ(τερον)
Κ(ύρι)ε [μνήσθητι - - - καὶ] Μαρίας (καὶ) Ἰοάνου τõν προ-
[σενεγκότων μηνὶ - - -, ἰν]δ(ικτιῶνος) ϛ΄· Κ(ύρι)ε ἐλέϊσον Στέφα(νον)

'O Lord, God [of Saint] Theodore, protect [your] servant, Antonios, and Theodosia, of illustris rank, and give repose to [- - -] Theophylaktos, and Ioannes the presbyter! O Lord, [remember - - - and] Maria, and Ioannes, who [made the offering in the month of - - -], 6th indiction. O Lord, have mercy upon Stephanos!'

Text: SEG 60, 1722.

History

Evidence ID

E04527

Saint Name

Theodore, soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita : S00480

Saint Name in Source

Θεώδορος

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.) Archaeological and architectural - Cult buildings (churches, mausolea)

Language

  • Greek

Evidence not before

580

Evidence not after

620

Activity not before

580

Activity not after

620

Place of Evidence - Region

Palestine with Sinai Palestine with Sinai

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Jerusalem Khirbet Deiry

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Jerusalem Caesarea Maritima Καισάρεια Kaisareia Caesarea Kayseri Turris Stratonis Khirbet Deiry Caesarea Maritima Καισάρεια Kaisareia Caesarea Kayseri Turris Stratonis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - independent (church)

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Prayer/supplication/invocation

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Women Aristocrats Other lay individuals/ people Merchants and artisans

Source

Floor-mosaic framed by a tabula ansata. Found in a south room (a side chalpel?) annexed to a church excavated at Khirbet Deiry/Nes Harim, sited 8 km to the east of Jerusalem. As far as we know, the inscription still lacks a proper edition. In 2009 a photograph and a Hebrew translation were offered by Daniel Ein-Mor in New Studies in the Archaeology of Jerusalem. There followed a note with a Greek transcription by Leah Di Segni in the sixtieth volume of the Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum (which is the basis for the present record).

Discussion

The inscription records a donation, probably a restoration or paving of a church of Theodore, or its extension (perhaps the construction of the room where the inscription was found). Di Segni suggests that the principal benefactors were Antonios and Theodosia. At least one of them is described by a relatively rare epithet illustris. The epithet is given in the singular masculine form, but is placed immediately after the name of Theodosia, which makes it uncertain which person it describes. It may actually refer to both Antonios and Theodosia. Di Segni points out that they could have been benefactors to a monastery if our church was a part of a monastic establishment, or owners of the estate where they built the church. Line 3 mentions the deceased for whose repose the offering was made. There follow more, possibly lesser, benefactors. The final, isolated invocation of God's mercy may refer to the artisan who laid the mosaic (cf. SEG 62, 1661, line 6). Dating: Line 5 contains a dating formula, the majority of which is lost. As the mention of the 6th indiction year is very plausible, and the shape of letters suggests a late 6th or early 7th c. date, Di Segni points to three consecutive years in that period, which fall on the 6th indiction, and may be the date of laying of the floor-mosaic: AD 587/588, AD 602/603, and AD 617/618.

Bibliography

Edition: Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum 60, 1722 [Greek transcription by Leah Di Segni]. Ein-Mor, D., "The Church at Khûrbat Deiry (Nes Harim) and its Surrounding", in: Amit, D., Stiebel, G.D., Peleg-Barkat, O. (eds.), New Studies in the Archaeology of Jerusalem and its Region, vol. 3 (Jerusalem: , 2009), 140-150 [in Hebrew; no transcription].

Usage metrics

    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

    Licence

    Exports

    RefWorks
    BibTeX
    Ref. manager
    Endnote
    DataCite
    NLM
    DC