Saint NameJohn the Baptist : S00020
Saint Name in SourceἸωάννης
Type of EvidenceLiterary - Other narrative texts (including Histories)
Evidence not before593
Evidence not after594
Activity not before475
Activity not after480
Place of Evidence - RegionSyria with Phoenicia
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcAntioch on the Orontes
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Antioch on the Orontes
Major author/Major anonymous workEvagrius Scholasticus
Cult activities - PlacesCult building - independent (church)
SourceEvagrius was born in about 535 in the Syrian city of Epiphania. Educated at Antioch and Constantinople, he pursued a career as a lawyer at Antioch, serving as a legal advisor to Patriarch Gregory (570-592). He wrote the Ecclesiastical History in 593/4, with the express purpose of covering the period following the coverage of the mid 5th century ecclesiastical histories of Socrates, Sozomen, and Theodoret. His narrative starts with Nestorius and the Council of Ephesus (431) and stops with the death of Evagrius’ patron, Gregory of Antioch, in 592. The work offers a balanced mixture of ecclesiastical and secular events in the East Roman Empire, being best informed about Antioch and Syria. Evagrius also published a dossier of original documents from the archive of Patriarch Gregory of Antioch, which has not survived.
DiscussionThe shrine of John the Baptist in Alexandria, which is sporadically attested in various sources (e.g. E05275) may have hosted relics of the Baptist and the Prophet Elisha, which were rescued from the shrine of Sebaste in Palestine during an attack by pagans under Julian the Apostate (361-363) (see E04196).
BibliographyText and French translation:
Bidez, J., and Parmentier, L., Evagre le Scholastique, Histoire ecclésiastique (Sources Chrétiennes 542, 566; Paris, 2011, 2014), with commentary by L. Angliviel de la Beaumelle, and G. Sabbah, and French translation by A.-J.Festugière, B. Grillet, and G. Sabbah.
Whitby, M., The Ecclesiastical History of Evagrius Scholasticus (Translated Texts for Historians 33; Liverpool, 2000).
Hübner, A., Evagrius Scholasticus, Historia ecclesiastica = Kirchengeschichte (Fontes Christiani 57; Turnhout, 2007).
Carcione, F., Evagrio di Epifania, Storia ecclesiastica (Roma, 1998).
Allen, P., Evagrius Scholasticus, the Church Historian (Spicilegium Sacrum Lovaniense, Etudes et Documents 41; Leuven, 1981).
Treadgold, W., The Early Byzantine Historians (Basingstoke, 2006), 299-308.