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E04364: Coptic document from Jeme (Upper Egypt) concerning the sale of a stone door to the abbots of the monastery of Apa *Paulos on the mountain of Jeme; dated 18 November 702.

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posted on 2017-11-14, 00:00 authored by gschenke

The document addresses three monks as heads of the monastery of Apa Paulos to whom an inherited stone door is being sold. The seller is a private individual from a village in the area of the city of Koptos who attests that the object has been valued at the price of two gold tremises, which he has received from the monastery.

Lines 2–4 of the document read as follows:

ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲙⲉⲣⲕⲟⲩⲣⲓⲟⲥ ⲡϣⲏⲣⲉ ⲙⲡⲙⲁⲕ(ⲁⲣⲓⲟⲥ) ⲍⲁⲭⲁⲣⲓⲁⲥ ϩⲙ ⲡϣⲛⲥⲓⲱⲛ ϩⲁ ⲡⲛⲟⲙⲟⲥ ⲛⲧⲡⲟⲗⲓⲥ ⲕⲃⲧ ⲉϥⲥϩⲁ ⲛⲛⲑⲉⲟⲫⲓⲗⲉⲥⲧ(ⲁ)ⲧ(ⲟⲥ)
ⲙⲙⲟⲛⲟⲭⲟⲥ [ⲁ]ⲡⲁ ⲇⲁⲛⲓⲏⲗ ⲙⲛ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲁⲕⲱⲃ ϭⲉ ⲙⲛ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲁⲑⲁⲛⲁⲥⲓⲟⲥ ⲛⲉⲡⲣⲟⲉⲥⲧⲱⲥ ⲛⲑⲉⲛⲉⲉⲧⲉ ⲙⲡⲉⲛⲡⲉⲧⲟⲩⲁⲁⲃ ⲛⲉⲓⲱⲧ ⲁⲡⲁ
ⲡⲁⲩⲗⲟⲥ ϩⲙ ⲡⲧⲟⲟⲩ ⲙⲡⲕⲁⲥⲧⲣⲟⲛ ⲛϫⲏⲙⲉ ϩⲁ ⲡⲛⲟⲙⲟⲥ ⲛⲧⲡⲟⲗⲓⲥ ⲣⲙⲟ[ⲛⲧ]

‘I, Merkurios, the son of the blessed Zacharias, from Pshension in the district of the city of Koptos, he writes to the most pious monks, Apa Daniel, Apa Iakobos and Apa Athanasios, the superiors of the monastery of our holy father Apa Paulos on the mountain of the Kastron Jeme in the district of the city of Hermonthis.’

(Text and trans.: A. A. Schiller)


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Paulos the anchorite, monastic founder : S01654

Saint Name in Source

ⲁⲡⲁ ⲡⲁⲩⲗⲟⲥ

Type of Evidence

Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet Documentary texts - Sale document


  • Coptic

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Jeme Koptos

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Jeme Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis Koptos Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - monastic

Cult activities - Places Named after Saint

  • Monastery


Text and translation: Schiller, A.A., Ten Coptic Legal Texts (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1932). = CLT Till, W.C., Die koptischen Rechtsurkunden aus Theben (Vienna: H. Böhlaus, 1964) 28–30. = KRT

Usage metrics

    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity