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E04268: Coptic funerary stela from Wadi Sarga (Upper Egypt) with a sketch of three sail boats, mentioning Apa *Thomas (S01695) and invoking Apa *Anoup (S00774) for the sake of a deceased sailor; datable to the 7th/8th century.

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posted on 2017-10-30, 00:00 authored by gschenke
I.Sarga 73

The invocation is surrounded by sketches of three sail boats.

+ ⲓⲥ ⲟ̣ ⲁⲅ̣ⲓ̣ⲟⲥ ⲁⲡⲁ
ⲁⲛⲟⲩⲡ ⲛⲟϭ
ⲣⲟⲓⲥ ⲫⲡ . . ⲟ̣
ⲥ ⲕⲟ(ⲩ)ⲓ ⲡⲛⲏϥ ⲟ̣

'Jesus. Saint Apa Anoup, great one, watch over young NN, the great sailor.'

Next to one of the boats one reads:

ⲁⲡⲁ ⲑⲱⲙⲁⲥ

'Apa Thomas'.

(Text and trans.: W. E. Crum, modified)

For both, Apa Thomas and Apa Anoup included in a list of holy men from Wadi Sarga, see E01245.


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Thomas, Apa Thomas, patron saint at Wadi Sarga : S01695 Apollo, Phib, and Anoup : S00774

Saint Name in Source

ⲁⲡⲁ ⲑⲱⲙⲁⲥ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲁⲛⲟⲩⲡ

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Funerary inscriptions


  • Coptic

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Wadi Sarga

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Wadi Sarga Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs



The stela was found at Wadi Sarga and is now housed in the British Museum in London.


Text and translation: Bell, H.I. and Crum, W.E., Wadi Sarga: Coptic and Greek Texts from the Excavations Undertaken by the Byzantine Research Account (Copenhagen: Gyldendalske Boghandel-Nordisk Forlag, 1922), 82.

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    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity