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E04214: Coptic document from Hermopolis (Middle Egypt), concerning the receipt of proceeds from land belonging to a confraternity dedicated to *Theodore (possibly soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita, S00480) and cultivated by a farmer who delivers the agreed amount of wheat for the confraternity; datable to the 8th c.

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posted on 2017-10-24, 00:00 authored by gschenke
P.MoscowCopt. 1:

A receipt acknowledging the delivery of an agreed amount of wheat is issued to a farmer who has been working the land belonging to a confraternity dedicated to Theodore. The receipt is issued by a representative of the juridical body (dikaion) of the confraternity, likewise named Theodore.

⳨ ⲡⲇⲓⲕⲁⲓⲟⲛ ⲛⲡⲉⲫⲓⲗⲟⲡⲟⲛⲓⲟⲛ ⲛⲫⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ̣ ⲁ[ⲡⲁ ⲑⲉⲟ]-
ⲇⲱⲣⲉ ⲛⲡⲁⲟⲩⲱⲣⲉ ϩⲓⲧⲟⲟⲧ ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲑⲉⲟⲇⲱⲣⲉ ⲡⲉ-
ⲕⲟⲛⲟⲙⲟⲥ ⲉⲓⲥϩⲁⲓ ⲛϣⲉⲛⲟⲩⲧⲉ ⲡⲟⲩⲟ̣ⲉ̣ⲉ ϫⲉ
ⲁϫⲓ ⲁⲡⲗⲏⲣⲟⲩ ⲛⲧⲟⲟⲧⲕ ϩⲁ ⲡⲉⲫⲟ[ⲣ]ⲟⲥ ⲛⲧⲥⲉ-
[ⲧⲉⲓⲱϩⲉ] ⲉ̣ⲧ̣ⲕ̣ϫⲟ ⲛⲙⲟⲥ ⲛⲁⲛ · ⲉⲧⲉ ⲛⲁ ⲛⲉ σίτου (ἀ)ρτ(άβας) δ
[ⲉⲩϣⲏⲩ ⲛⲧⲟ]ⲡⲉ ⲛⲡⲉⲓⲫⲓⲗⲟⲡⲟⲛⲓⲟⲛ ⲛⲟⲩⲱⲧ
[ϩⲛ ⲧⲓⲣⲟⲙⲡ]ⲉ ⲧⲁ ⲇⲱⲇⲉⲕⲁⲧⲏⲥ ⲓⲛⲇ(ⲓⲕⲧⲓ)ⲟ(ⲛⲟⲥ) ⲉⲡⲉⲕⲱⲣϫ
[ⲟⲩⲛ ⲁⲥⲙⲛ] ⲧ̣ⲓ̣ⲁⲡⲟⲇⲓⲝⲓⲥ ⲛⲁⲕ ⳨ ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲑⲉ-
[ⲟⲇⲱⲣⲉ ⲧⲓ]ⲥⲧⲟⲓⲭⲉⲓ ⲉⲧⲓⲁⲡⲟⲇⲓⲝⲓⲥ ⲛⲑⲉ
[ⲥⲥⲏϩ ⲛⲙⲟⲥ ⳨ ⲁⲛⲟⲕ] ⲥⲁⲣⲁⲡⲓⲱⲛ ⲡⲓⲉⲗⲁⲭ(ⲓⲥ)ⲧ(ⲟⲥ) ⲛⲇⲓⲁ-
[ⲕⲟ(ⲛⲟⲥ) ⲧⲓⲥⲧⲟⲓⲭⲉⲓ ⲉⲧⲓⲁⲡ]ⲟ(ⲇⲓⲝⲓⲥ) ⲁⲩⲱ̣ ϯ̣ⲟ̣ [ⲛⲙⲛⲧⲣⲉ] +

'The dikaion of the confraternity of saint [Apa] Theodore of Paouore, through me, Theodore, the oikonomos, I am writing to Shenoute, the farmer.
I have received and have been paid by you for the tribute from the measure of [land] which you are cultivating for us, which is four artabas of wheat, [with one] oipe [measure] for this same confraternity, [in this year] of the 12th indiction. For your security [then, I have drawn up] this receipt for you. I, Theodore, agree to this receipt as [it is written. I,] Sarapion, the most humble deacon, [I agree to this receipt] and act [as witness].'

Text: P.V. Jernstedt. Translation: G. Schenke.


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Theodore the Sactified, ascetic and follower of Pachomios, ob. 368. : S01362 Theodore, soldier and martyr of Amaseia and Euchaita : S00480

Saint Name in Source

ⲫⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ̣ ⲁ[ⲡⲁ ⲑⲉⲟ]ⲇⲱⲣⲉ ⲫⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ̣ ⲁ[ⲡⲁ ⲑⲉⲟ]ⲇⲱⲣⲉ

Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - Other private document Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet



Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Hermopolis Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - unspecified

Cult activities - Places Named after Saint

  • Hospital and other charitable institutions

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Bequests, donations, gifts and offerings


The papyrus document is housed in the Pushkin Museum in St Petersburg. Dated on palaeographical grounds.


Text and Russian translation: Ernshtedt (Jernstedt), P.V., Koptskie teksty Gosudarstvennogo muzeia izobrazitel'nykh iskusstv imeni A.S. Pushkina (Leningrad, 1959), 9–11.

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