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E04200: Coptic document from Jeme (Upper Egypt) concerning the sale of a donkey, mentioning a man of an institution dedicated to Apa *Viktor (presumably Viktor, Egyptian martyr, son of Romanos, S00749) as the seller of the animal; datable to the 7th/8th century.

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posted on 2017-10-22, 00:00 authored by Bryan
O.Medin.Habu Copt. 80

In this document, a certain Phoibamon of Apa Viktor, most likely a monk of the monastery of Apa Viktor, writes to confirm the settlement of the sale of his donkey to Viktor son of Simon. He mentions the validity of the sale and a holy oath of the Christians (ⲁϣ ⲉⲧⲟⲩⲁⲁⲃ ⲛⲛⲉⲭⲣⲓⲥⲧⲓⲁⲛⲟⲥ).

Lines 2–3 of the document read as follows:

ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲫⲉⲃⲁⲙⲱⲛ ⲛⲁⲡⲁ ⲃⲓⲕⲧⲱⲣ

'I, Phoibamon of Apa Viktor, …'

(Text and trans.: E. Stefanski and M. Lichtheim, slightly modified)


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Viktor, son of Romanos, Egyptian martyr, ob. 303–311 : S00749

Saint Name in Source

ⲁⲡⲁ ⲃⲓⲕⲧⲱⲣ

Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - Sale document Late antique original manuscripts - Ostracon/Pot-sherd


  • Coptic

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Jeme Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - unspecified


The ostracon MH 1090, now in the Museum in Cairo, is a fragment of red slip pottery. The dating is based on context and palaeography.


Text and translation: Stefanski, E., and Lichtheim, M., Coptic Ostraca from Medinet Habu (Univ. of Chicago. Oriental Institute Publications 71; Chicago, 1952), 16.

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    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity