File(s) not publicly available

E04130: Coptic ostracon from Jeme (Upper Egypt), mentioning a priest and a deacon of saint Apa *Psate (presumably Apa Psote, martyr and bishop in the Thebais, S01468); datable to the 7th/8th century.

online resource
posted on 2017-10-10, 00:00 authored by gschenke
KOW 31

In this acknowledgement of a debt from a winemaker to a man from Jeme, a priest of saint Apa Psate functions as the scribe of the document. Along with a deacon of (the church of) Apa Psate, he also acts as a witness.

Lines 9–14 read as follows:

⳨ ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲇⲁⲛⲓⲏⲗ ⲡⲣⲉⲥⲃ(ⲩⲧⲉⲣⲟⲥ) ⲙⲫⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲯⲁⲧⲉ ⲁⲇⲁⲩⲉⲓⲇ ⲡⲁⲣⲁⲕⲁⲗⲉ ⲙ[ⲙⲟ] ⲁⲓⲥϩⲁⲓ ϯⲁⲥⲫ(ⲁⲗⲉⲓⲁ) ϩⲛ ⲥⲟⲩ ⲥⲁϣϥ ⲛⲉ̣ⲛⲙϣⲓⲣ ⲛⲑⲉⲛⲇⲉⲕⲁⲧⲉ ϯⲱ [ⲙⲁⲣⲧ]ⲩⲣⲟⲥ + ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲱϩⲁⲛⲛⲏⲥ ⲡⲇⲓⲁⲕ(ⲟⲛⲟⲥ) ⲛⲛ̣ⲁⲡⲁ ⲯⲁⲧⲉ [ϯⲟ ⲙⲛⲧⲣⲉ?

‘I, Daniel, the presbyter of saint Apa Psate, David has asked me and I have written this security document on day 7 of Mechir in the 11th (indiction). I am acting as a witness. I, Ioannes, the deacon of Apa Psate, [am acting as a witness …’

(Text: W. C. Till; trans.: G. Schenke)


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Psote, Apa Psote, martyr and bishop in the Thebais : S01468

Saint Name in Source

ⲁⲡⲁ ⲯⲁⲧⲉ

Type of Evidence

Documentary texts - Other private document Late antique original manuscripts - Ostracon/Pot-sherd



Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Jeme Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - unspecified


The potsherd KO 723 is kept at the papyrus collection in Vienna. The dating is based on palaeographical grounds.


Text and German translation: Till, W.C., Die koptischen Ostraka der Papyrussammlung der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek (Vienna: H. Böhlaus, 1960), 10.

Usage metrics