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E04104: Coptic document from the monastery of Apa Apollo at Bawit (Middle Egypt), mentioning Apa *Phib (companion of Apa Apollo, S00774); datable to the 6th/7th century.

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posted on 2017-10-04, 00:00 authored by gschenke
P.Mon.Apollo 49

In this document, a lack of wine seems to cause a request made by the monastery to have wine brought. The monk Petre of the monastery of Apa Apollo is sending this request to a female addressee asking her to bring it, if she has not yet sold it, and not to sell it to anyone else.
Line 3 of the fragmentary document reads as follows:

] ⲛⲁⲕⲁⲡⲏ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲫⲃ ⲥⲉϣ\ⲧ/ ⲛⲏⲣⲉⲡ ⲧⲉⲛⲟⲩ ⲧⲉⲧⲁⲟⲩⲉ ⲉ . . . . .

‘… ] kindly. Apa Phib: they are lacking wine. Now, are you informing …?’

(Text: S. J. Clackson, slightly modified; trans.: G. Schenke)


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Apollo, Phib, and Anoup : S00774

Saint Name in Source

ⲁⲡⲁ ⲫⲃ

Type of Evidence

Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet Documentary texts - Letter


  • Coptic

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Bawit Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Festivals

  • Saint’s feast

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - monastic


The papyrus document P. CtYBR inv. 2102 is kept at the Beinecke Library, Yale University in New Haven. The dating is based on palaeographical grounds.


Text and Translation: Clackson, S.J., Coptic and Greek Texts relating to the Hermopolite Monastery of Apa Apollo (Oxford, 2000), 120–121.

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    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity