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E04097: Greek documents from the monastery of Apa Apollo at Bawit (Middle Egypt), mentioning or referring to the monastery/topos of *Apollo (founder of the monastery, S00160); datable to the 6th/8th century.

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posted on 2017-10-02, 00:00 authored by gschenke
P.Mon. Apollo 27

This papyrus document contains a list of individuals and institutions listing amounts of rent payments (pactum) expected or received.
Line 11 shows the following entry:

δ(ιά) μοναστηρ(ίου) ἀβ(βᾶ) Ἀπολλως

'Through the monastery of Abba Apollos.'

Line 18 has:

δ(ιά) μοναστηρ(ίου) ἀβ(βᾶ) Ἀνουφ(ίου)

'Through the monastery of Abba Anouphios.'

P.Mon. Apollo 31

This document concerns the arrest of a monk from the monastery of Apa Apollo. It is written in what appears to be Greek at first sight, but actually follows the style of Coptic letter beginnings.
Line 2 reads as follows:

το̣ν μοναχον Ιωαννης `απα Απολλω´

'… the monk Ioannes (of) Apa Apollo.'

(Text: S. J. Clackson, trans.: G. Schenke)

P.Brux.Bawit 37

A very fragmentary letter mentioning the saint:

τοῦ ἁγίου [. . . ἀ]π Ἀπολλῶτος

'… of saint […] Apa Apollo …'

(Text: A. Delattre; trans.: G. Schenke)


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Apa Apollo (founder of the monastery at Bawit, 4th century ) : S00160 Apollo, Phib, and Anoup : S00774

Saint Name in Source

ἀβ(βᾶ) Ἀπολλως ἀβ(βᾶ) Ἀνουφ

Type of Evidence

Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet Documentary texts - Other private document


  • Greek

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Bawit Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - monastic


P.Mon. Apollo 27: The papyrus document P.Lond.Copt. I 1078 descr. is kept at the British Library in London as BL Or. 6049. P.Mon. Apollo 31: The papyrus document P.Duk. inv. 439 (A) is kept at the Duke University Library in North Carolina. P.Brux.Bawit 37: The papyrus document P.Brux. inv. E. 8181 + 9415 is kept at the Royal Museums of Art and History at Brussels. All texts have been dated on palaeographical grounds.


Texts and Translation: Clackson, S.J., Coptic and Greek Texts relating to the Hermopolite Monastery of Apa Apollo (Oxford, 2000), 87–90 and 93–94. Delattre, A., Papyrus coptes et grecs du monastère d'apa Apollô de Baouît conservés aux Musées royaux d'Art et d'Histoire de Bruxelles, Brussels 2007. (Académie royale de Belgique. Mémoires de la Classe des Lettres. Collection in-8°. 3e série. Tome XLIII, No. 2045.), 264–265.

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    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity



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