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E04082: Coptic funerary inscription of unknown Egyptian provenance, invoking a number of saints, such as Apa *Pshoi (S01245), Apa *Paul (S00089), Apa *Sourous (S01584), Apa *Petros (bishop and martyr of Alexandria, S00247), Apa *Biktor (presumably Viktor, the son of Romanos, Egyptian martyr, S00749), and Apa *Phobammon (soldier and martyr of Assiut, S00080), datable to the 6th–8th century.

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posted on 2017-09-27, 00:00 authored by Bryan
KSB 1 434

[+ ⲡⲓⲱⲧ ⲡϣⲏⲣⲉ ⲡⲉⲡⲛⲁ] ⲉⲧⲟⲩⲁⲁⲃ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲡϣⲟⲓ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲡⲁⲩⲗⲉ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲥⲟⲩⲣⲟⲩⲥ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲡⲉⲧⲣ<ⲟ>ⲥ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲃⲓⲕⲧⲱⲣ ⲁⲡⲁ [ⲫ]ⲟⲓⲃⲁⲙⲙⲱⲛ
ⲡ[ⲉⲛ]ⲥ[ⲟⲛ ⲙ]ⲟⲩⲥⲏⲥ ⲁϥⲙⲧⲟⲛ ⲙⲙⲟϥ ⲛⲥⲟⲩ ⲁ ⲙⲙⲉⲥⲟⲣⲏ ϩⲛ ⲟⲩⲉⲓⲣⲏⲛⲏ ϩⲁⲙⲏⲛ ϣⲗⲏⲗ ⲉϫ[ⲱ]ϥ +

‘Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Apa Pshoi, Apa Paule, Apa Sourous, Apa Petros, Apa Viktor, and Apa Phoibammon: [Our] brother Moyses has gone to rest on day one of (the month of) Mesore. In peace, Amen. Pray for him!’

Text: M. Hasitzka, slightly modified. Translation: G. Schenke.


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Viktor, son of Romanos, Egyptian martyr, ob. 303–311 : S00749 Phoibammon, soldier and martyr of Assiut (ob. c. 304) : S00080 Pshoi, 4th century Egyptian martyr under Culcianus : S01245 Paul, the First Anchorite : S00089 Petros, martyred bishop of

Saint Name in Source

ⲁⲡⲁ ⲃⲓⲕⲧⲱⲣ ⲁⲡⲁ [ⲫ]ⲟⲓⲃⲁⲙⲙⲱⲛ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲡϣⲟⲓ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲡⲁⲩⲗⲉ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲡⲉⲧⲣ<ⲟ>ⲥ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲥⲟⲩⲣⲟⲩⲥ

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Funerary inscriptions



Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs



The limestone inscription is kept in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.


Text: Hasitzka, M.R.M., Koptisches Sammelbuch I (KSB I) (Vienna, 1993), 157.