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E04040: Coptic inscription on nummulitic limestone, presumably from Middle Egypt, with a long invocation to a large number of saints including *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033), *Michael (the Archangel, S00181), *Adam (S00772), the *Patriarchs (S00138) and *Apostles (S00084), the martyrs Apa *Viktor (son of Romanos, Egyptian martyr, S00749), Apa *Phoibammon (soldier and martyr of Assiut, S00080), Apa *Paul (the first anchorite, S00089) and his brothers, as well as list of holy monastic figures, such as Apa *Apollo, Apa *Anoup, and Apa *Phib (monks and monastic founders, S00774), Apa *Patermoute (S01222), Apa *Proou, and all the saints. Datable to the 6th/9th century.

online resource
posted on 2017-09-15, 00:00 authored by Bryan
KSB 1 416

The inscription mentions a man from Aqfahs in Middle Egypt and includes in its invocation the three saints Apollo, Anoup, and Phib celebrated at Bawit (Middle Egypt) which makes this a likely place of origin.

The last lines are very fragmentary, but lines 1–11 read as follows:

ⲁⲡⲁ ⲓⲟⲩⲗⲓⲟⲥ ⲡⲣⲙ ⲕⲃⲉϩⲥ
+ ⲡⲓⲱⲧ ⲡϣⲏⲣⲉ ⲡⲉⲡⲛⲁ ⲉⲧⲟⲩⲁⲁⲃ ⲧⲉⲙⲁⲁⲩ ⲙⲁⲣⲓⲁ ⲡⲉⲛⲉⲓⲱⲧ ⲙⲓⲭⲁⲏⲗ ⲡⲉⲛⲉⲓⲱⲧ ⲁⲇⲁⲙ ⲛⲉⲛⲉⲓⲟⲧⲉ ⲙⲡⲁⲧⲣⲓⲁⲣⲭⲏⲥ ⲛⲁⲡⲟⲥⲧⲟⲗⲟⲥ
ⲙⲙⲁⲣⲧⲏⲣⲟⲥ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲃⲓⲕⲧⲱⲣ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲫⲟⲓⲃⲁⲙⲙⲱⲛ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲡⲁⲩⲗⲉ ⲙⲛ ⲛⲉϥⲥⲛⲏⲩ ⲛⲉⲛⲉⲓⲟⲧ ⲙⲛ ⲛⲟϭ ⲛⲣⲱⲙⲉ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲁⲡⲟⲗⲗⲱ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲁⲛⲟⲩⲡ
ⲁⲡⲁ ⲫⲓⲃ ϫⲉ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲡⲁⲧⲉⲣⲙⲟⲩⲧⲉ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲡⲣ[ⲱⲟⲩ ⲙⲛ] ⲛⲉⲧⲟⲩⲁⲁⲃ ⲧⲏⲣⲟⲩ [

‘Apa Ioulios, the man of Aqfahs.
Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, Mother Mary and our father Michael, our father Adam and our fathers the patriarchs and the apostles, the martyrs Apa Viktor, Apa Phoibammon, and Apa Paule with his brothers, our (monastic) fathers and elders, Apa Apollo, Apa Anoup, and Apa Phib, also Apa Patermoute, Apa Pr[ou and] all the saints […’

(Text: M. Hasitzka, trans.: G. Schenke)


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Mary, Mother of Christ : S00033 Michael, the Archangel : S00181 Adam and Zoe/Eve : S00772 Apostles (unspecified) : S00084 Patriarchs, Biblical (unspecified) : S00138 Viktor, son of Romanos, Egyptian martyr, ob. 303–311 : S00749 Phoibammon, sold

Saint Name in Source

ⲧⲉⲙⲁⲁⲩ ⲙⲁⲣⲓⲁ ⲙⲓⲭⲁⲏⲗ ⲁⲇⲁⲙ ⲛⲁⲡⲟⲥⲧⲟⲗⲟⲥ ⲙⲡⲁⲧⲣⲓⲁⲣⲭⲏⲥ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲃⲓⲕⲧⲱⲣ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲫⲟⲓⲃⲁⲙⲙⲱⲛ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲡⲁⲩⲗⲉ ⲙⲛ ⲛⲉϥⲥⲛⲏⲩ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲁⲡⲟⲗⲗⲱ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲁⲛⲟⲩⲡ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲫⲓⲃ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲡⲁⲧⲉⲣⲙⲟⲩⲧⲉ

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Funerary inscriptions


  • Coptic

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Kbahs/Aqfahs Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs



The nummulitic limestone stele JE 38304 is kept at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.


Text: Hasitzka, M.R.M., Koptisches Sammelbuch I (KSB I) (Vienna, 1993), 150–151.

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    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity



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