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E04036: Coptic will of Paul, from Jeme (Upper Egypt), requesting a donation for his soul to be made to the shrine (topos) of the martyr Apa *Phoibammon (presumably the soldier and martyr of Assiut, S00080). The scribe of the document seems to be a lector of the church of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033); dated to 28 December 733 or 748.

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posted on 2017-09-15, 00:00 authored by gschenke, Bryan
P.KRU 74

Paul, a local from castron Jeme, bequeathed his property to his wife and children. In his will he also requests that a donation is made to the shrine of Phoibammon for his salvation. The donation is to be paid in gold coins, though the exact amount is now missing.

Lines 57–59 read as follows:

Ϯⲟⲩⲱϣ ⲇⲉ ⲟⲛ ⲁⲩⲱ ϯⲕⲉⲗⲉⲩⲉ ⲉⲧⲣⲉⲩϯ […] ⲛϩⲟⲗⲟⲕ(ⲟⲧⲧⲓⲛⲟⲥ) ⲉϩⲟⲩⲛ ⲉⲡⲧⲟⲡⲟⲥ ⲉⲧⲟⲩⲁⲁⲃ <ⲙ>ⲡϩⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲫⲟⲓⲃⲁⲙⲱⲛ
ⲡⲙⲁⲣⲧⲩⲣⲟⲥ ⲛϫⲱⲱⲣⲉ ϩⲁ ⲡⲥⲱⲧⲉ ⲛⲧⲁⲯⲩⲭⲏ

‘I also wish and command that [an amount of] solidi are to be donated to the holy shrine of saint Apa Phoibammon, the strong martyr, for the redemption of my soul.’

The scribe of the document mentioned, is the son of a priest and a lector, presumably at the church of Mary.

Line 111 reads as follows:

+ ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ϩⲏⲗⲓⲁⲥ ⲡϣⲏⲣⲉ ⲙⲙⲱⲩ̣ⲥ̣ⲏⲥ ⲡⲡⲣ(ⲉⲥⲃⲩⲧⲉⲣⲟⲥ) ⲡⲉⲓⲉⲗⲁⲭ(ⲓⲥⲧⲟⲥ) ⲛⲁⲛⲁⲅⲛⲱ(ⲥ)ⲧ(ⲏⲥ) ⲛⲑⲁⲅⲓ[ⲁ ⲙⲁⲣⲓⲁ] ⲁⲓⲍⲱⲙⲁⲧⲓⲍⲉ +

‘I, Elias, the son of Moyses the presbyter, the least lector of saint [Mary], I have produced (this document).’

(Text: W. E. Crum and G. Steindorff, German trans. W. C. Till, Engl. trans. G. Schenke)


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Phoibammon, soldier and martyr of Assiut (ob. c. 304) : S00080 Mary, Mother of Christ : S00033

Saint Name in Source

ⲁⲡⲁ ⲫⲟⲓⲃⲁⲙⲱⲛ ⲑⲁⲅⲓ[ⲁ ⲙⲁⲣⲓⲁ]

Type of Evidence

Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet Documentary texts - Will Documentary texts - Donation document


  • Coptic

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Jeme Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Martyr shrine (martyrion, bet sāhedwātā, etc.)


This papyrus document Ms. G. fol. 34 belongs to the papyrus collection in Berlin.


Edition and Translation: Crum, W.E., and Steindorff, G., Koptische Rechtsurkunden des achten Jahrhunderts aus Djeme (Theben) (Leipzig, 1971), 235–239. Till, W.C., Erbrechtliche Untersuchungen auf Grund der koptischen Urkunden (Vienna, 1954), 193–198 (German Translation).

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    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity



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