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E04034: Coptic will of Daniel, from Jeme (Upper Egypt), bequeathing his house located on the road of Apa *Viktor (presumably the Egyptian martyr, son of Romanos, S00749) to his only son; dated 8 May 765.

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posted on 2017-09-15, 00:00 authored by Bryan
P.KRU 71

Daniel, a local of castron Jeme, bequeathed his property to his only son Christodoros who inherits a house located on the road of Apa Viktor.

Lines 22–24 read as follows:

ⲉⲕⲛⲁⲕⲉⲗⲉⲩⲉ ⲙⲡⲁⲏⲓ ⲡⲁⲓ ⲛⲧⲁ<ϥ>ⲉⲓ ⲉϫⲱⲓ ϩⲁ ⲡⲁⲙⲁⲕ(ⲁⲣⲓⲟⲥ) ⲛⲉⲓⲱⲧ ⲡⲁⲭⲱⲙ ϫⲛⲛⲉϥⲥⲛⲧⲉ ϣⲁ ⲣⲁⲧⲏⲩ ⲡⲁⲓ ⲉⲧⲕⲏ ⲉϩⲣⲁⲓ ϩⲓ ⲡϩⲓⲣ
ⲙⲡϩⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ ⲁⲡⲁ ⲃⲓⲕⲧⲱⲣ

‘You shall command over my house, this one which has come onto me from my blessed father Pachom, from its foundations to the roof top. This one, which is located on the road of saint Apa Viktor.’

Text: W. E. Crum and G. Steindorff; German trans. W. C. Till; Engl. trans. G. Schenke.


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Viktor, son of Romanos, Egyptian martyr, ob. 303–311 : S00749

Saint Name in Source

ⲁⲡⲁ ⲃⲓⲕⲧⲱⲣ

Type of Evidence

Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet Documentary texts - Will


  • Coptic

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Jeme Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - unspecified

Cult activities - Places Named after Saint

  • Gates, bridges and roads


This short and complete papyrus document, BM Or. 4659, belongs to the British Museum in London.


Edition and Translation: Crum, W.E., and Steindorff, G., Koptische Rechtsurkunden des achten Jahrhunderts aus Djeme (Theben) (Leipzig, 1971), 228–230. Till, W.C., Erbrechtliche Untersuchungen auf Grund der koptischen Urkunden (Vienna, 1954), 188–191 (German Translation).

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    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity