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E04031: Coptic will of the monk Paham, from Jeme (Upper Egypt), bequeathing his property to his only surviving son, among which is a house located by the church (topos) and road of *Kollouthos (presumably the physician and martyr of Antinoopolis, S00641); datable to the 8th century.

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posted on 2017-09-15, 00:00 authored by gschenke
P.KRU 67

Paham is the son of Epiphanios, a priest of the church dedicated to Kollouthos at Psenantonios, in the district of the city Kebt. He became a monk on the mountain of Jeme, when his children were grown, but now feels the need to settle his worldly affairs. Writing the will himself, he bequeaths his property to his only surviving son Jacob. Among his property is a house located east of the church of Kollouthos, with one of its walls bordering on the road named after Apa Kollouthos.

Lines 73–74 read as follows:

ϩⲁ ⲡⲏⲓ ⲉⲧⲙⲙⲁⲩ ⲉⲧⲕⲏ ⲉϩⲣⲁⲓ ⲙⲡⲉⲙⲛⲧ ⲙⲡϩⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ ⲕⲟⲗⲗⲟⲩⲑⲟⲥ ⲧⲉϥⲟⲩⲉⲓ ⲛϫⲟⲉ ϩⲙ ⲡϩⲓⲣ ⲛⲛⲁⲡⲁ ⲕⲟⲗⲗⲟⲩⲑⲟⲥ

‘… concerning that house which is located to the west of saint Kollouthos. Its one wall is on the road of Apa Kollouthos, …’

Lines 137–139 of the document read as follows:

+ ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲡⲁϩⲁⲙ ⲡⲓⲉⲗⲁⲭ(ⲓⲥⲧⲟⲥ) ⲙⲙⲟⲛⲟⲭⲟⲥ ⲡϣⲏⲣⲉ ⲛⲛⲉⲡⲓⲫⲁⲛⲓⲟⲥ ⲡⲣⲉⲥⲃ(ⲩⲧⲉⲣⲟⲥ) ⲙⲡϩⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ ⲕⲟⲗⲗⲟⲩⲑⲟⲥ ⲛⲯⲉⲛⲁⲛⲧⲱⲛⲓⲟⲥ
ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲡϩⲁⲙ ⲁⲓⲥϩⲁⲓ ⲧⲉⲇⲓⲁⲑⲏⲕⲏ ϩⲛ ⲧⲁϭⲓϫ ⲙⲙⲓⲛ ⲙⲙⲟⲓ

‘I, Paham, the least monk, the son of Epiphanios, the presbyter of saint Kollouthos at Psenantonios, I, Paham, I have written this will with my own hand.’

(Text: W. E. Crum and G. Steindorff, German trans. W. C. Till, Engl. trans. G. Schenke)


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Kollouthos, physician and martyr of Antinoopolis (Middle Egypt), ob. early 4th cent. : S00641

Saint Name in Source

ⲕⲟⲗⲗⲟⲩⲑⲟⲥ, ⲁⲡⲁ ⲕⲟⲗⲗⲟⲩⲑⲟⲥ

Type of Evidence

Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet Documentary texts - Will


  • Coptic

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Jeme Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - unspecified

Cult activities - Places Named after Saint

  • Gates, bridges and roads


This papyrus document P. 8729 is located at the museum in Cairo. The beginning is incomplete.


Edition and Translation: Crum, W.E., and Steindorff, G., Koptische Rechtsurkunden des achten Jahrhunderts aus Djeme (Theben) (Leipzig, 1971), 207–216. Till, W.C., Erbrechtliche Untersuchungen auf Grund der koptischen Urkunden (Vienna, 1954), 169–177 (German Translation).

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    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity



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