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E04028: Coptic settlement of a dispute over ownership of land, from Jeme (Upper Egypt), concerning a piece of land that had been donated to the monastery/shrine (topos) of Abba *Psate (martyr and bishop in the Thebais, S01468) at Jeme, but was later reclaimed; dated 22 August 739.

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posted on 2017-09-15, 00:00 authored by gschenke
P.KRU 50:

The land in question was bought back from the monastery/shrine by the party issuing the document. The opposing party had then claimed ownership or partial ownership of the land, threatening to contest the validity of the sale. In this document it is agreed that the issuing party keeps three quarters of the land, while the contesting party is entitled to one quarter of the land in question.

Lines 16–20 read as follows:

ϩⲁ ⲡϩⲱⲃ ⲙⲡⲭⲱⲣⲏⲙⲁ ⲉⲧϩⲁ ⲡⲁⲏⲓ ⲡⲁⲓ ⲛⲧⲁⲓⲁⲛⲁⲗⲩⲧⲣⲱⲥⲉ ϩⲓⲧⲟⲟⲧϥ ⲙⲡⲧⲟⲡⲟⲥ ⲉⲧⲟⲩⲁⲁⲃ ⲙⲡⲉⲧⲣⲟⲩⲟⲉⲓⲛ ⲉⲃⲟⲗ ϩⲛⲛⲉⲧⲟⲩⲁⲁⲃ
ⲡϩⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ ⲁⲃⲃⲁ ⲯⲁⲧⲉ ⲙⲡⲧⲟⲟⲩ ⲙⲡⲉⲛⲕⲁⲥⲧⲣⲟⲛ ⲉⲧⲃⲉ ϫⲉ ⲛⲧⲁⲛⲇⲱⲣⲓⲍⲉ ⲙⲙⲟϥ ⲉϩⲟⲩⲛ ⲉⲡⲧⲟⲡⲟⲥ ⲉⲧⲟⲩⲁⲁⲃ ⲉⲧⲙⲙⲁⲩ ϩⲓⲧⲟⲟⲧϥ
ⲙⲡⲙⲁⲕⲁⲣⲓⲟⲥ ⲉⲡⲓⲫⲁⲛⲉⲓⲟⲥ ⲡⲉϥⲥⲟⲛ ⲉⲧⲓ ⲉϥⲟⲛϩ

'… with respect to the land which is located by my house. This one, which I have redeemed from the holy monastery/shrine (topos) of the one who shines forth from among the saints, saint Abba Psate on the mountain of our castron (Jeme), because we had donated it to that holy topos through the blessed Epiphanios, his brother, when he was still alive.'

(Text: W. E. Crum and G. Steindorff, German trans. W. C. Till, Engl. trans. G. Schenke)


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Psote, Apa Psote, bishop in the Thebais : S01468

Saint Name in Source

ⲁⲃⲃⲁ ⲯⲁⲧⲉ

Type of Evidence

Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet Documentary texts - Other private document


  • Coptic

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Jeme Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - monastic

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Bequests, donations, gifts and offerings


The papyrus document BM Or. 6721 (10) is housed at the British Museum in London.


For dealings involving the same monastic sanctuary see E04029.


Edition and Translation: Crum, W.E., and Steindorff, G., Koptische Rechtsurkunden des achten Jahrhunderts aus Djeme (Theben) (Leipzig, 1971), 170–173. Till, W.C., Erbrechtliche Untersuchungen auf Grund der koptischen Urkunden (Vienna, 1954), 146–149 (German Translation).

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