University of Oxford

File(s) not publicly available

E04026: Coptic settlement of a dispute over joint inheritance, from Jeme (Upper Egypt), mentioning the neighbouring properties of houses inherited, among the bordering properties is one dedicated to *George (soldier and martyr, S00259); dated to the year 748/9.

online resource
posted on 2017-09-15, 00:00 authored by gschenke
P.KRU 43:

In this document, one of two houses mentioned shares its north boundary with a property belonging to an institution dedicated to George, most likely a church.

Lines 42– 45 read as follows:

ⲛⲧⲟϣ ⲙⲡⲏⲓ ⲉⲧϩⲓ ⲡϩⲓⲣ ⲛⲛϣⲏⲣⲉ ⲛⲕⲟⲛⲱⲛ ⲛⲁⲓ
ⲡⲣⲏⲥ ⲡϩⲓⲣ ⲇⲏⲙⲟⲥⲓⲟⲛ ⲁⲩⲱ ⲡⲣⲟ ⲛⲁⲩⲑⲉⲛⲧⲉⲥ
ⲡϩⲏⲧ ⲡϩⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ ⲅⲉⲱⲣⲅⲓⲟⲥ ⲡⲉⲓⲙⲛⲧ ⲛϣⲏⲣⲉ ⲛϫⲁⲡϫⲓⲡⲉ
ⲡⲉⲓⲉⲃⲧ ⲛⲕⲗⲏⲣⲟⲛⲟⲙⲟⲥ ⲛϣⲏⲣⲉ ⲛⲑⲱⲝⲉ

'The boundaries of the house located on the road of the children of Konon are the following:
The south (boundary) are the public road and the main gate.
The north (boundary) is saint George. The west (boundary) are the children of Japjipe.
The east (boundary) are the heirs of the children of Thoxe.'

(Text: W. E. Crum and G. Steindorff, German trans. W. C. Till, Engl. trans. G. Schenke)


Evidence ID


Saint Name

George, soldier and martyr of Diospolis/Lydda : S00259

Saint Name in Source

ϩⲁⲅⲓⲟⲥ ⲅⲉⲱⲣⲅⲓⲟⲥ

Type of Evidence

Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet Documentary texts - Other private document


  • Coptic

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Jeme Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - unspecified


The papyrus document Louvre E. 7986 is incomplete, missing the beginning. Some lines are only partly preserved. The document is housed at the Louvre Museum in Paris.


Edition and Translation: Crum, W.E., and Steindorff, G., Koptische Rechtsurkunden des achten Jahrhunderts aus Djeme (Theben) (Leipzig, 1971), 148–151. Till, W.C., Erbrechtliche Untersuchungen auf Grund der koptischen Urkunden (Vienna, 1954), 133–136 (German Translation).

Usage metrics

    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity