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E04025: Coptic agreement from Jeme (Upper Egypt) settling a dispute over inheritance, listing among the witnesses a deacon of a local church dedicated to the *Apostles (S00084), as well as a deacon and a priest of the local church of *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033); dated 26 February 738.

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posted on 2017-09-14, 00:00 authored by gschenke
P.KRU 38:

At the end of this settlement of dispute follows a list of witnesses, of which one is a a deacon of the church of the Apostle, while two other are clergymen of the church of Mary.

Lines 67–70 and 73–75 read as follows:

+ ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲡⲁⲡⲛⲟⲩⲑⲓ[ⲟⲥ] ⲡⲉⲗⲁⲭ(ⲓⲥⲧⲟⲥ) ⲛⲇⲓⲁⲕⲟ(ⲛⲟⲥ) ⲙⲡⲁⲡⲟⲥⲧⲟⲗⲟⲥ ϯⲟ ⲙⲛⲧⲣⲉ
+ ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲡⲁⲩⲗⲟⲥ ⲡⲉⲓⲉⲗⲁⲭ(ⲓⲥⲧⲟⲥ) ⲛⲡⲣⲉⲥⲃⲩ(ⲧⲉⲣⲟⲥ) ⲛⲑⲉⲱⲇⲟⲕ(ⲟⲥ) ⲙⲁⲣⲓⲁ ϯⲟ ⲙⲛⲧⲣⲉ
+ ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲁⲛⲁⲥⲧⲁⲥⲓⲟⲥ ⲡⲉⲓⲉⲗⲁⲭⲓⲥⲧⲟⲥ ⲛⲇⲓⲁⲕ(ⲟⲛⲟⲥ) ⲛⲑⲉⲱⲇⲟⲕ(ⲟⲥ) ⲙⲁⲣⲓⲁ ⲁⲓⲥϩⲁⲓ ϩⲁ ⲡⲉⲓⲙⲁⲣⲧⲉⲣⲟⲥ ⲁⲩⲱ ϯⲱ ⲙⲙⲛⲧⲣⲏ

'I Papnouthios, the least deacon of the Apostle, I act as a witness.
I, Paulos, the least priest of the Mother of God Maria, I act as a witness.

I, Anastasios, the least deacon of the Mother of God, Maria, I have written for this witness and I act as a witness.'

(Text: W. E. Crum and G. Steindorff, German trans. W. C. Till, Engl. trans. G. Schenke)


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Apostles (unspecified) : S00084 Mary, Mother of Jesus : S00033

Saint Name in Source

ⲁⲡⲟⲥⲧⲟⲗⲟⲥ ⲑⲉⲱⲇⲟⲕ ⲙⲁⲣⲓⲁ

Type of Evidence

Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet Documentary texts - Other private document


  • Coptic

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Jeme Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - unspecified


The papyrus document, BM Ms Add. 31290, fol. 281, is described in the British Museum catalogue, no. 424. The original is now housed at the Bodleian Library in Oxford, as Ms Copt a 6 (p).


The church of the Apostle(s) is also mentioned in another document from Jeme, P.KRU 36, where a different deacon of this church acts as a scribe for one of the witnesses mentioned, see E04023.


Edition and Translation: Crum, W.E., and Steindorff, G., Koptische Rechtsurkunden des achten Jahrhunderts aus Djeme (Theben) (Leipzig, 1971), 130–133. Till, W.C., Erbrechtliche Untersuchungen auf Grund der koptischen Urkunden (Vienna, 1954), 121–123 (German Translation).

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