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E04023: Coptic agreement from Jeme (Upper Egypt) settling a dispute over inheritance, listing a deacon of a church dedicated to the *Apostles (S00084) as the scribe for one of the witnesses mentioned; dated 4 June 724.

online resource
posted on 2017-09-14, 00:00 authored by gschenke
P.KRU 36:

In this document from Jeme, a dispute over inheritance is settled and signed by many witnesses. One of the witnesses mentioned uses a scribe who is a deacon of an institution dedicated to the Apostles.

Lines 76–78 read as follows:

+ ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ϩⲁⲙⲱⲥ ⲡϣⲏⲣⲉ ⲙⲡⲙⲁⲕⲁⲣⲓⲟⲥ ⲡⲉⲧⲣⲟⲥ ϯⲟⲩ ⲙⲛ[ⲧⲣⲉ] ⲁⲛⲟⲕ ⲡϣⲏⲣⲉ ⲡⲉⲓⲉⲗⲁⲭⲓⲥⲧⲟⲥ ⲛⲇⲓⲁⲕ(ⲟⲛⲟⲥ) ⲛⲛⲁⲡⲟⲥⲧⲟⲗⲟⲥ ⲁⲓⲥϩⲁⲓ
ϩⲁⲣ[ⲟϥ] ϫⲉ [ⲛϥ]ⲛⲟⲓ ⲁⲛ ⲛⲥϩⲁⲓ +

'I, Amos, the son of the blessed Petros, I act as a witness. I, Pshere, the least deacon of the Apostles, I have written for him, since he cannot write.'

(Text: W. E. Crum and G. Steindorff, German trans. W. C. Till, Engl. trans. G. Schenke)


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Apostles (unspecified) : S00084

Saint Name in Source


Type of Evidence

Late antique original manuscripts - Papyrus sheet Documentary texts - Other private document


  • Coptic

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Egypt and Cyrenaica

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Jeme Hermopolis ϣⲙⲟⲩⲛ Ashmunein Hermopolis

Cult activities - Places

Cult building - unspecified


The papyrus document, BM Papyrus C, is housed at the British Museum in London.


Edition and Translation: Crum, W.E., and Steindorff, G., Koptische Rechtsurkunden des achten Jahrhunderts aus Djeme (Theben) (Leipzig, 1971), 122–125. Till, W.C., Erbrechtliche Untersuchungen auf Grund der koptischen Urkunden (Vienna, 1954), 115–118 (German Translation).

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    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity