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E03497: Theodoret of Cyrrhus in a letter to the bishop of Antioch Theodotos mentions a festival of martyrs at the town of Meninga (north-east Syria). Written in Greek at Cyrrhus (north Syria), 423/429.

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posted on 2017-07-25, 00:00 authored by erizos
Theodoret of Cyrrhus, Letters

Collectio Patmensis 45

(…) 10. Ἡνίκα μὲν γὰρ παρεγένετό σου ἡ ὁσιότης οὐκ ἔγνων· τῇ δὲ τεσσαρεσκαιδεκάτῃ, τῶν καλλινίκων Μαρτύρων ἐν Μηνίγγοις τὴν πανήγυριν ἐπιτελῶν ἤκουσα τοῦτο θρυλούντων. (…)

'When your holiness was visiting, I was unaware. On the fourteenth, while celebrating the festival of the rightly victorious martyrs at Meninga, I heard people mentioning it.'

Text: Azéma 1955.
Translation: Efthymios Rizos.

History

Evidence ID

E03497

Saint Name

Martyrs, unnamed or name lost : S00060

Type of Evidence

Literary - Letters

Language

  • Greek

Evidence not before

423

Evidence not after

429

Activity not before

423

Activity not after

429

Place of Evidence - Region

Syria with Phoenicia

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Kyrrhos/Cyrrhus/Hagioupolis

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Kyrrhos/Cyrrhus/Hagioupolis Thabbora Thabbora

Major author/Major anonymous work

Theodoret of Cyrrhus

Cult activities - Festivals

  • Saint’s feast

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - bishops

Source

Theodoret was born in Antioch in c. 393, where he received a formidable education before joining the monastery of Nikerte near Apamea in 416. In 423, he was consecrated as bishop of Kyrrhos/Cyrrhus. During the theological debates of the time, he emerged as one of the chief exponents of Antiochene Christology. The Second Council of Ephesus (449) deposed him as a supporter of Nestorius, of whom he was indeed a friend. He was restored to his bishopric by the Council of Chalcedon in 451. He is thought to have died in c. 460. The 232 letters of Theodoret’s correspondence are divided into three sets: 1) 147 letters first printed by Jacques Sirmond in 1647 and reprinted in volume 83 of the Migne’s Patrologia Graeca (collectio Sirmondiana) 2) 47 letters preserved in a codex of the Patmos Monastery, and published in 1885 by Ioannis Sakellion (collectio Patmensis) 3) 36 letters, dating from 431-437, which were included in the document collections concerning the Council of Ephesus in 431. A critical edition with French translation and notes by Yvan Azéma is available in the Sources Chrétiennes series (vols. 40, 98, 111, 429).

Bibliography

Text, French translation, and commentary: Azéma, Y., Théodoret de Cyr. Correspondance I (Sources chrétiennes 40; Paris: Éditions du Cerf, 1955).

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    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity

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