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E02682: Fragmentary Greek inscription invoking *Mary (Mother of Christ, S00033) and the *Michael (the Archangel, S00181). Found at Sala/Saleh, near Bostra (Jordan/Roman province of Arabia). Probably 6th-7th c.

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posted on 10.04.2017, 00:00 by pnowakowski
+ ..ρα
Μαρία,
[ἅ]γιος Μιχαήλ

'+ [- - -] Mary, Saint Michael!'

Text: Waddington 1870, no. 2263.

History

Evidence ID

E02682

Saint Name

Mary, Mother of Christ : S00033 Michael, the Archangel : S00181

Saint Name in Source

Μαρία Μιχαήλ

Type of Evidence

Inscriptions - Formal inscriptions (stone, mosaic, etc.)

Language

Greek

Evidence not before

500

Evidence not after

700

Activity not before

500

Activity not after

700

Place of Evidence - Region

Arabia Arabia

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Bosra Sala/Saleh

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Bosra Sakkaia / Maximianopolis Σακκαια Sakkaia Saccaea Eaccaea Maximianopolis Shaqqa Schaqqa Shakka Sala/Saleh Sakkaia / Maximianopolis Σακκαια Sakkaia Saccaea Eaccaea Maximianopolis Shaqqa Schaqqa Shakka

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Prayer/supplication/invocation

Source

Reportedly framed by a large rectangle or a tabula ansata. There is no published description. Seen by William Waddington in the 1860s, and first published by him 1870 with virtually no comments. The inscription is scheduled for re-redition in the sixteenth volume of Inscriptions grecques et latines de la Syrie, under no. 906.

Discussion

The inscription invokes Mary (if this is not a donor's name, e.g. ̣Κ̣υρὰ | Μαρία/'Kyra Maria') and certainly the Archangel Michael. We do not know if the Archangel *Gabriel was also mentioned, but this is plausible, as the three figures often occur together. Dating: there is no reliable way to date the text, but in this region invocations of Mary and Michael are characteristic of the 6th and 7th centuries.

Bibliography

Edition: IGLS 16, no. 906 (forthcoming). Waddington, W.H., Inscriptions grecques et latines de la Syrie (Paris: Firmin Didot Frères, Libraires-Éditeurs, 1870), no. 2263.

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