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E02623: Isidore of Seville in his Latin Chronicle written in two redactions in 615/616 and 626 mentions the discovery of the body of *Barnabas (apostle and companion of Paul the Apostle, S00786) and of the autograph of the Gospel of Matthew during the reign of the emperor Zeno (474-491).

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posted on 2017-03-29, 00:00 authored by mszata
Isidore of Seville, Chronicle 388

Per idem tempus corpus Barnabae apostoli et euangelium Mathei eius stilo scriptum ipso reuelante repertum est.

'At the same time the body of Barnabas the apostle and the gospel of Matthew, written with his own stylus, having revealed themselves, were discovered.'

Text: Martín 2003, 186-187. Translation: Koon and Wood 2008.


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Barnabas, apostle and companion of *Paul the Apostle, ob. c. 61 : S00786

Saint Name in Source


Type of Evidence

Literary - Other narrative texts (including Histories)


  • Latin

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Iberian Peninsula

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Seville Osset Osset Osen (castrum) Osser castrum

Major author/Major anonymous work

Isidore of Seville

Cult activities - Places

Burial site of a saint - unspecified

Cult Activities - Miracles

Revelation of hidden knowledge (past, present and future)

Cult Activities - Relics

Bodily relic - entire body Discovering, finding, invention and gathering of relics Handwriting of a saint


Isidore, bishop of Seville (Iberian Peninsula) composed the Chronica maiora first in 615/616 during the reign of Sisebut. Then he revised and lengthened it in 626 during the reign of Swinthila (see Koon and Wood 2008, and Martín 2005).


Isidore in the Chronicle inserts the dates from the creation of the world which he correlates with the dates of the reign of kings and emperors. The note about Barnabas and the Gospel of Matthew is dated to the reign of Zeno, which ended in 5687 or 5690 year of the creation (depending on the redaction of the Chronicle). The text of the note is identical in both redactions. Isidore derived the information on the discovery of Barnabas and the Gospel of Matthew from the Chronicle of Victor of Tunnuna (E02630).


Editions: J.C. Martín, Isidori Hispalensis Chronica (Corpus Christianorum Series Latina 112; Turnhout 2003). T. Mommsen, Isidori Iunioris episcopi Hispalensis Chronica maiora ed. primum ad a. DCXV (615) (Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Auctores antiquissimi 11; Berlin 1894), 424-488. Translation: S. Koon, and J. Wood, "The Chronica Maiora of Isidore of Seville: An introduction and translation", e-Spania 6 (2008); ; DOI: 10.4000/e-spania.15552. Further reading: J.C. Martín, "Les remaniements de la second rédaction de la Chronique d’Isidore de Séville: typologie et motivations", Revue bénédictine 115 (2005), 5-26.

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    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity



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