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E02607: Isidore of Seville in his Latin Chronicle written in two redactions in 615/616 and 626 mentions the miracle-working of *John of Lycopolis (ascetic of Egypt, ob. c. 395, S00102), and his predictions of the victories of the emperor Theodosius, dated to the joint reign of Theodosius with his sons, Arcadius and Honorius (393-395).

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posted on 25.03.2017, 00:00 by mszata
Isidore of Seville, Chronicle 363-364

First redaction:

Per idem tempus Iohannes anachorita insigniter claruit. Qui etiam Theodosio consulenti de Eugenio tyranno uictoriam praedixit.

'At the same time John the Anchorite became markedly famous. Who, being consulted by Theodosius about the tyrant Eugenius, even foretold the victory by the former.'

Second redaction:

Per idem tempus Iohannes anachorita uirtutum miraculis habetur insignis. Qui etiam Theodosio consulenti de Eugenio tyranno uictoriam praedixit.

'At the same time John the Anchorite is considered outstanding in the miracles of his virtues. Who, being consulted by Theodosius about the tyrant Eugenius, even foretold the victory by the former.'

Text: Martín 2003, 174-175. Translation: Koon and Wood 2008.

History

Evidence ID

E02607

Saint Name

John of Lycopolis, 4th-century monk in Egypt : S00102

Saint Name in Source

Iohannes anachorita

Type of Evidence

Literary - Other narrative texts (including Histories)

Language

Latin

Evidence not before

615

Evidence not after

626

Activity not before

393

Activity not after

395

Place of Evidence - Region

Iberian Peninsula

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc

Seville

Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Seville Osset Osset Osen (castrum) Osser castrum

Major author/Major anonymous work

Isidore of Seville

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Transmission, copying and reading saint-related texts

Cult Activities - Miracles

Miracle during lifetime Revelation of hidden knowledge (past, present and future)

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - monks/nuns/hermits

Source

Isidore, bishop of Seville (Iberian Peninsula) composed the Chronica maiora first in 615/616 during the reign of Sisebut. Then he revised and lengthened it in 626 during the reign of Swinthila (see Koon and Wood 2008, and Martín 2005).

Discussion

Isidore in the Chronicle inserts the dates from the creation of the world which he correlates with the dates of the reign of kings and emperors. The notes about John of Lycopolis are dated to the reign of Theodosius and his sons Arcadius and Honorius, which ended in 5593 or 5594 year of the creation (depending on the redaction of the Chronicle). Interestingly, in the revised noted about John of Lycopolis Isidore added the explicit mention of many miracles performed by the monk. He derived the information on John from Prosper of Aquitaine Chronicle 1201 (E03526).

Bibliography

Editions: J.C. Martín, Isidori Hispalensis Chronica (Corpus Christianorum Series Latina 112; Turnhout 2003). T. Mommsen, Isidori Iunioris episcopi Hispalensis Chronica maiora ed. primum ad a. DCXV (615) (Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Auctores antiquissimi 11; Berlin 1894), 424-488. Translation: S. Koon, and J. Wood, "The Chronica Maiora of Isidore of Seville: An introduction and translation", e-Spania 6 (2008); e-spania.revues.org/15552 ; DOI: 10.4000/e-spania.15552. Further reading: J.C. Martín, "Les remaniements de la second rédaction de la Chronique d’Isidore de Séville: typologie et motivations", Revue bénédictine 115 (2005), 5-26.

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