Saint NameJohn the Baptist : S00020
Saint Name in SourceIohannes Baptista
Type of EvidenceLiterary - Other narrative texts (including Histories)
Evidence not before615
Evidence not after626
Activity not before383
Activity not after392
Place of Evidence - RegionIberian Peninsula
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcSeville
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Seville
Major author/Major anonymous workIsidore of Seville
Cult activities - PlacesBurial site of a saint - unspecified
Cult Activities - RelicsBodily relic - head
Transfer, translation and deposition of relics
Transfer/presence of relics from distant countries
SourceIsidore, bishop of Seville (Iberian Peninsula) composed the Chronica maiora first in 615/616 during the reign of Sisebut. Then he revised and lengthened it in 626 during the reign of Swinthila (see Koon and Wood 2008, and Martín 2005).
DiscussionIsidore in the Chronicle inserts the dates from the creation of the world which he correlates with the dates of the reign of kings and emperors. The note about the translation of the head of John the Baptist is dated by him to the reign of Valentinian II and Theodosius, which ended in 5590 or 5591 (depending on the redaction of the Chronicle) year of the creation. The phrase 'at the same time' refers to the previous note about the execution of Priscillian. This incident is described more fully in the Ecclesiastical History of Sozomen (E04052).
The note looks identical in both redactions. Isidore derived this information from Cassiodorus, Historia tripartita 9.43.
J.C. Martín, Isidori Hispalensis Chronica (Corpus Christianorum Series Latina 112; Turnhout 2003).
T. Mommsen, Isidori Iunioris episcopi Hispalensis Chronica maiora ed. primum ad a. DCXV (615) (Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Auctores antiquissimi 11; Berlin 1894), 424-488.
S. Koon, and J. Wood, "The Chronica Maiora of Isidore of Seville: An introduction and translation", e-Spania 6 (2008); e-spania.revues.org/15552 ; DOI: 10.4000/e-spania.15552.
J.C. Martín, "Les remaniements de la second rédaction de la Chronique d’Isidore de Séville: typologie et motivations", Revue bénédictine 115 (2005), 5-26.