Saint NameMartin, ascetic and bishop of Tours (Gaul), ob. 397 : S00050
Saint Name in SourceMartinus
Type of EvidenceLiterary - Other narrative texts (including Histories)
Evidence not before615
Evidence not after626
Activity not before371
Activity not after397
Place of Evidence - RegionIberian Peninsula
Place of Evidence - City, village, etcSeville
Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)Seville
Major author/Major anonymous workIsidore of Seville
Cult Activities - MiraclesMiracle during lifetime
Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and NarrativesEcclesiastics - bishops
SourceIsidore, bishop of Seville (Iberian Peninsula) composed his Chronica maiora first in 615/616 during the reign of Sisebut. Then he revised and lengthened it in 626 during the reign of Swinthila (see Koon and Wood 2008, and Martín 2005).
DiscussionIsidore in the Chronicle inserts the dates from the creation of the world which he correlates with the dates of the reign of kings and emperors. The note about Martin of Tours is dated by him to the reign of Gratian and Valentinian II, which ended in 5581 or 5582 year of the creation (depending on the redaction of the Chronicle).
The note looks identical in both redactions. Isidore derived the information from Prosper of Aquitaine, Chronicle 1175 (E03529).
J.C. Martín, Isidori Hispalensis Chronica (Corpus Christianorum Series Latina 112; Turnhout 2003).
T. Mommsen, Isidori Iunioris episcopi Hispalensis Chronica maiora ed. primum ad a. DCXV (615) (Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Auctores antiquissimi 11; Berlin 1894), 424-488.
S. Koon, and J. Wood, "The Chronica Maiora of Isidore of Seville: An introduction and translation", e-Spania 6 (2008); e-spania.revues.org/15552 ; DOI: 10.4000/e-spania.15552.
J.C. Martín, "Les remaniements de la second rédaction de la Chronique d’Isidore de Séville: typologie et motivations", Revue bénédictine 115 (2005), 5-26.