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E02479: Hydatius in his Latin Chronicle mentions under the year 405 the death of *Martin (ascetic and bishop of Tours, S00050), and the hagiographical works of Sulpicius Severus about Martin. Written probably in Chaves (northwest Iberian Peninsula), c. 468-469.

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posted on 2017-03-07, 00:00 authored by mszata
Hydatius, Chronicle 11 [30]

Martinus episcopus sanctus et uir apostolicus transit ad dominum carne deposita; cuius uitam et mirabilia quae fecit Seuerus uir summus, discipulus ipsius, qui et chronica alia quam haec sunt ab initio Genesis usque ad sectam Priscillianistarum perniciosissimam conscripsit, exequitur.

'Bishop Martin, a holy man of apostolic stature, laid aside his material body and crossed over to the Lord. His life and the miracles which he wrought were described by his disciple Severus, a man of the highest virtue, who also wrote a different kind of chronicle from this one, from the beginning of Genesis right down to the pernicious sect of the Priscillianists.'

Text and translation: Burgess 1993, 80-81


Evidence ID


Saint Name

Martin, ascetic and bishop of Tours (Gaul), ob. 397 : S00050

Saint Name in Source


Type of Evidence

Literary - Other narrative texts (including Histories)


  • Latin

Evidence not before


Evidence not after


Activity not before


Activity not after


Place of Evidence - Region

Iberian Peninsula

Place of Evidence - City, village, etc


Place of evidence - City name in other Language(s)

Chaves Osset Osset Osen (castrum) Osser castrum

Cult activities - Non Liturgical Practices and Customs

Transmission, copying and reading saint-related texts

Cult Activities - Protagonists in Cult and Narratives

Ecclesiastics - bishops


Hydatius, a bishop in Galicia (in northwest Spain), probably of Chaves, wrote his chronicle c. 468/469. It is the most important source for the history of Iberia in the 5th century. For detailed discussion and further bibliography, see: Burgess 1993; Muhlberger 1990, 193-266. The numbers of paragraphs in brackets refer to the 1973 edition of A. Tranoy.


Here the link between Martin and the struggle with Priscillianism is indirect, but in the paragraph 8 [13] Martin is presented as the one who condemned Priscillian in 386. See also E02478.


Editions and translations: Burgess ,R.W., The Chronicle of Hydatius and the Consularia Constantinopolitana: Two Contemporary Accounts of the Final Years of the Roman Empire (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993). Edition and English translation. Mommsen, T., Hydatii Lemici continuatio chronicorum Hieronymianorum, in: Chronica Minora saec. IV. V. VI. VII., vol. 2 (Monumenta Germaniae Historica: Auctores Antiquissimi 11; Berlin: Apud Weidmannos, 1894), 1-36. Tranoy, A., Hydace, Chronique, 2 vols. (Sources chrétiennes 218-219; Paris: Cerf, 1973). Edition and French translation. Further reading: Muhlberger, S., The Fifth-Century Chroniclers: Prosper, Hydatius, and the Gallic Chronicler of 452 (Leeds: Francis Cairns, 1990).

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    Evidence -  The Cult of Saints in Late Antiquity



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